Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Elicitation Studies and the Theory of Planned Behavior: A Systematic Review of Exercise Beliefs. (Psychology)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Elicitation Studies and the Theory of Planned Behavior: A Systematic Review of Exercise Beliefs. (Psychology)

Article excerpt

Ajzen (1991; Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980) developed several guidelines for the theory of planned behavior (TPB), one of which was to conduct an elicitation study to determine a population's salient behavioral, normative, arid control beliefs. Once these beliefs are identified, a follow-up study (i.e., the main TPB study) is needed to examine which TPB constructs determine the sample's intention and behavior. While the TPB has been frequently applied to exercise behavior, its predictive utility is compromised when researchers fail to conduct an elicitation study prior to the main TPB study (Symons Downs & Hausenblas, 2002). In addition, inadequate methods can prevent the TPB constructs from explaining intention and behavior. For example, if the elicitation and main TPB participants do not correspond with respect to their demographic characteristics, then the elicited beliefs may not represent the main TPB study participants, and the predictive utility of the TPB is compromised. Thus, the primary purpose of this stu dy was to review the salient beliefs of exercise participants. The secondary purpose was to examine the elicitation and main TPB studies' methods in an attempt to determine if there was correspondence between their participant characteristics. This review included 38 main TPB and exercise studies that had conducted an elicitation study. …

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