Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Development and Validation of the Physical Activity Determinants Scale (PADS) for Adolescents. (Sociocultural Aspects of Physical Activity)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Development and Validation of the Physical Activity Determinants Scale (PADS) for Adolescents. (Sociocultural Aspects of Physical Activity)

Article excerpt

Physical activity and fitness are important factors in the primary prevention of chronic disease in youth, yet physical activity levels actually diminish during adolescence. Furthermore, adolescence is an important period for learning health-related behaviors that will carry into adulthood. A better understanding of psychosocial and environmental determinants of physical activity for adolescents will assist efforts in school and community settings to promote lifelong physical activity. Researchers have highlighted the need for further examination of these modifiable determinants of physical activity in adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to develop a questionnaire to assess psychosocial and environmental determinants of physical activity in adolescents. Six social cognitive theory constructs were used to frame the questionnaire: (a) self-efficacy, (b) behavioral capability, (c) outcome expectations, (d) observational learning, (e) reinforcement, and (f) environment. A total of 46 items were matched to the theoretical constructs and evaluated using expert and content validation procedures. The questionnaire was administered to 215 (105 boys, 110 girls) adolescents from health and physical education classes in three urban schools. The majority (82%) of participants were African American. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed, and the analysis did not indicate a good model fit. …

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