Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

American, Swedish, and Australian Children's Activity and BMI Levels. (Sociocultural Aspects of Physical Activity)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

American, Swedish, and Australian Children's Activity and BMI Levels. (Sociocultural Aspects of Physical Activity)

Article excerpt

Understanding activity levels and body composition of children and their relationship to a healthy lifestyle is a growing area of research. There is much concern for the rate of increases seen in overweight and obese children around the world. The purpose of this study was to assess the physical activity and body composition levels of American, Swedish, and Australian children. This study consisted of 711 American children, 563 Australian children, and 680 Swedish children, for a grand total of 1,954 participants. Participants wore a Yamax pedometer (MLS2000) attached to the waistband of their pants in line with the right knee for a full day on 4 consecutive days. Pedometers were sealed to assure that they were not accidentally reset. Step counts were recorded on a daily basis at school. Measures of height and weight were obtained. Descriptive data (Mand SD) for step counts and BMI by sex, age, and country were calculated to determine activity levels and body composition. One way analysis of variance for step counts and BMI between countries at each age and sex found that in general the Swedish children were significantly more active than the Australian and American children, and in general, the American children were significantly heavier than the Australian and Swedish children. …

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