Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Modifications to the FITNESSGRAM Test for Deaf Children. (Special Populations)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Modifications to the FITNESSGRAM Test for Deaf Children. (Special Populations)

Article excerpt

The FITNESSGRAM is a widely used test for evaluating health-related physical fitness of children and youth (Cooper Institute of Aerobic Research, 1999). Although extant research suggests that deaf children generally have no physical limitations and can be held to the same performance standards as hearing children, some FITNESSGRAM items are inappropriate for use with deaf children. The PACER tests uses auditory cues which prohibit children with hearing disabilities from participating. Also, the curl-up and push-up tests are performed to a 3-s cadence with auditory cues that are meaningless for deaf children. The purpose of this study was to investigate modifications to the FITNESSGRAM that would allow for participation by deaf children. A modified battery of FLTNESSGRAM test items was administered to 15 boys and 6 girls aged 6-11 years. All participants were deaf. Instructions from the FITNESSGRAM test administrators manual were delivered using a combination of speech, visual demonstrations, gestures, and sig n langnage. The PACER test was modified by using cable lights as a visual starting signal. The cable lights were activated by a hearing person in accordance with the PAGER auditory cues. Hand signals were used to communicate the required cadence for the push-up and curl-up tests. …

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