Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Using Constant Time Delay Procedure to Teach Aquatic Play Skills for Children with Autism. (Special Populations)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Using Constant Time Delay Procedure to Teach Aquatic Play Skills for Children with Autism. (Special Populations)

Article excerpt

Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that causes delays in verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction as well as ritualistic and compulsive behaviors (Berkeley et al., 2001; Loovis, 2000). Aquatic exercises promote not only physical fitness and motor skill development but also psychological and cognitive development through carefully planned and implemented programs (Lepore, 2000). Research show that aquatic exercises provide unique opportunities to learn cognitive abilities for autistic individuals (Joyce-Petrovic et al., 1994). In literature, it is stated that a constant time delay procedure was an effective way of teaching single and chain behaviors for special populations in different age groups and disabilities (Cast et. al., 1991; Mattingly and Bott, 1990; Tekin et. al., 2001). Although there have been studies about the effects of constant time delay procedures on different disabilities in the literature, there had been no research especially for the effects of constant time dela y procedures on aquatic play skills of children with autism. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine the effects of constant time delay procedures on aquatic kangaroo, cycling, and snake play skills of children with autism. A single-subject multiple probe model across behaviors with probe conditions (Blackhurst et. …

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