Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Short and Long-Term Effects of Neuropsychological Human Performance Functioning of College Basketball Athletes with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. (Sports Medicine)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Short and Long-Term Effects of Neuropsychological Human Performance Functioning of College Basketball Athletes with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. (Sports Medicine)

Article excerpt

The application of neuropsychological human performance testing to the evaluation of athletes has recently become an area of intense research interest because approximately 10% of all head injuries are caused during athletic competition, and about 10% of all sport-related injuries are head injuries. While most of these injuries are concussions (mild traumatic brain injury--MTBI), participation in many contact sports involve risk of repeated head injury, or second impact syndrome (SIS), which is more dangerous. Research has shown that MTBI and SIS can also occur from participation in noncontact sports such as basketball and soccer. Premature return-to-play following MTBI or SIS increases the risk of permanent neurologic impairment from cumulative head trauma, and even death. However, controversy still exists over the short and long-term effects of MTBI because each athlete responds differently to even the mildest form of a concussion; and, there is no universal agreement on concussion definition. The purpose o f this study was to examine neuropsychological human performance functioning of male and female college basketball athletes with varying degrees of MTBI. Baseline neuropsychological assessments were collected from a central processing motor control module (Model BEP I, Human Performance Measurement, Arlington, TX). This module was connected in series to a personal computer. …

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