Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Setting Performance Standards Using the Bookmark Procedure. (Peer-Reviewed Symposia)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Setting Performance Standards Using the Bookmark Procedure. (Peer-Reviewed Symposia)

Article excerpt

While the modified Angoff method has been widely used in practice, it has several limitations, e.g., labor intensive and difficulty in producing accurate estimates (Shepard et al., 1993). To address the limitations, research scientists at CTT/McGrawHill have developed a new method called the Bookmark method (Lewis et al., 1996), which requires the following steps: (a) After ordering items/tasks from easiest to hardest, which creates ordered item booklets, a group of judges reviews the ordered booklets and discusses the skills and knowledge of the each item/task in small groups; (b) Each judge places a bookmark among the items/tasks representing a cut point (e.g., the threshold of a performance level); (c) The small groups then systematically review and discuss each judge's ratings of the ordered booklets; (d) The judges in the small groups make second ratings after the review and discussion and, using the information in this second-round of rating, the means or medians of the cut-off scores are calculated by group; and (e) The rating results from all the groups are presented to the entire group for the final judgment of the cut-off scores. …

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