Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Expert-Novice Comparison in the Use of Tactical Knowledge during the Game Play of Volleyball. (Peer-Reviewed Symposia)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Expert-Novice Comparison in the Use of Tactical Knowledge during the Game Play of Volleyball. (Peer-Reviewed Symposia)

Article excerpt

Research in knowledge representation and decision making using verbal protocols has shown that in tennis, baseball, and volleyball experts have more sophisticated response selection during competition. This study was designed to compare the knowledge representation and the use of tactical knowledge of expert volleyball players to that of novice volleyball players. Ten members of a large southeastern university's varsity volleyball team and ten physical education majors enrolled in a volleyball class at the same university participated in game play and between point interviews to elicit knowledge representation and decision making. This retrospective report conducted immediately following performance is seen as an accurate way to trace an individual's thoughts during motor performance (Ericcson and Simon, 1993). As well, the setters participated in concurrent talk-alouds during game play. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and coded using McPherson's model of protocol analysis (1987, 1993a) and NUD*IST, a qu alitative data analysis program. Quantitative analysis (Kruskal-Wallis tests) of verbal report measures indicated experts generated more total, varied, and sophisticated conditions and actions whereas novices generated more goals. The difference in knowledge representation and the use of tactical knowledge by experts and novices was greatest in the quality of the representation and the content accessed by experts and novices during game play rather than the quantity. …

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