Academic journal article Medium Aevum

The Waltham Chronicle: An Account of the Discovery of Our Holy Cross at Montacute and Its Conveyance to Waltham

Academic journal article Medium Aevum

The Waltham Chronicle: An Account of the Discovery of Our Holy Cross at Montacute and Its Conveyance to Waltham

Article excerpt

The Waltham Chronicle: An Account of the Discovery of our Holy Cross at Montacte and its Conveyance to Waltham, ed. and trans. Leslie Watkiss and Marjorie Chibnall, Oxford Medieval Texts (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994). li + 99 pp.; 2 plates. ISBN oIg-822I64-9. z7-50

When in the time of Cnut a life-size crucifix was miraculously discovered in Somerset, the holder of that land and of Waltham in Essex rebuilt the ancient church at Waltham in its honour. The church later came into the possession of Harold, who established a secular college and again rebuilt the church as his particular foundation. After the Conquest it was briefly held by the bishop of Durham, and further rebuilding was undertaken: it is part of this church, so reminiscent of Durham Cathedral, that survives as Waltham Abbey. From l loo the church formed part of the queen's dower lands. In 177 the secular canons were removed and Henry II refounded the church for Augustinian canons. The Chronicle was then written by one of those expelled seculars, an Englishman, to perpetuate the history of his beloved home and its miracleworking crucifix.

Stubbs produced a Latin edition in i 86 i which has been the only available full version: this new parallel-text edition is welcome indeed. …

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