Academic journal article The Middle East Journal

Chronology: Sudan

Academic journal article The Middle East Journal

Chronology: Sudan

Article excerpt

Oct. 17: Nearly 200 prisoners who were being held by southern Sudanese rebels were released under the terms of the January 2005 peace agreement, which ended 21 years of north-south civil war. After the International Committee of the Red Cross safely received the prisoners, the newly formed coalition government claimed there were no more prisoners being detained in the eastern area controlled by the rebels of the former Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM). [Reuters, 10/17]

Oct. 19: US diplomat Cameron Hume assumed charge of the US Embassy in Khartoum. [The Daily Star, 10/19]

Oct. 22: South Sudan created an autonomous government as part of a January peace accord that halted more than two decades of civil strife. The former SPLM agreed to terms with the Muslim northern government over issues of wealth sharing, transition to democracy, a federal system, and a referendum on southern secession after six years. Under the agreement, the SPLM took 70% of the ministries, while the ruling northern National Congress Party and other southern forces each took 15%. [BBC, 10/23]

Nov. 3: The Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), the largest rebel movement in the Darfur region, chose Minni Minnawi as their new leader. The choice was made at the SLA unity congress, which was boycotted by the group's past leader, Abdul Wahid. Wahid said he would not recognize the congress' decision, leading to speculation that the rebel group might split, further complicating efforts to resolve the crisis in Darfur. [BBC, 11/3]

Nov. 29: The two rival leaders of the SLA, Minni Minnawi and Abdul Wahid, announced they would present a united front at the seventh round of peace talks in Nigeria. The recent split in the SLA had been blamed for the failure of previous talks and an upsurge in violence. [BBC, 11/29]

Nov. 30: Sudanese government officials and rebels from Sudan's western Darfur region opened the seventh round of peace talks in Abuja, Nigeria. According to African Union (AU) mediators, the talks would focus on the long-term prospects for Darfur, such as the power- and wealth-sharing arrangements between the region's local inhabitants and the federal government in Khartoum, as well as short-term matters, such as the disarmament of militia and rebel groups. …

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