Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Konfession Und Internationales System. Die Aussenpolitik Hessen-Kassels Im Konfessionellen Zeitalter

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Konfession Und Internationales System. Die Aussenpolitik Hessen-Kassels Im Konfessionellen Zeitalter

Article excerpt

Konfession und internationales System. Die Aufsenpolitik Hessen-Kassels im konfessionellen Zeitalter. By Holger Thomas Graef. [Quellen und Forschungen zur hessischen Geschichte, 94.] (Darmstadt and Marburg: Selbstverlag der Hessischen Historischen Kommission Darmstadt und der Historischen Kommission fuer Hessen. 1993. Pp. xii, 422.)

Hessen-Kassel c.1555-c.1648, in particular under landgraves William IV, Maurice, and William V, serves as a case study of territorial foreign policy under confessional conditions. The author of this Ph.D. thesis combines E. O. Czempiel's and S. C. Flanagan's theories of political systems with the concept of confessionalization as developed by Heinz Schilling, the director of his thesis, and by this reviewer quite successfully into a new set of analytical tools. Dynastic policy and traditional regional options compete with confessional affiliation and the interest of the developing territorial state, which not quite unexpectedly turns out to be the winner in the end. The landgraves started from a mediating position in the Protestant camp, a policy to be continued after the partition of the country by William IV of Hessen-Kassel, whereas first Hessen-Marburg and then Hessen-Darmstadt under the influence of Wuerttemberg joined the ranks of Lutheran orthodoxy. The consequences were first the breakdown of the common Protestant church of all Hessian territories, next the conversion of Maurice of Kassel to Calvinism in 1605. …

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