Academic journal article Medium Aevum

Le Martinet d'Orthez: Violence, Pactes et Pouvoir Judiciaire En Bearn a la Fin Du Moyen Age

Academic journal article Medium Aevum

Le Martinet d'Orthez: Violence, Pactes et Pouvoir Judiciaire En Bearn a la Fin Du Moyen Age

Article excerpt

Jean-Pierre Barraque, Le Martinet d'OrtheZ (textes medievaux inedits): violence, pactes etpouvoirjudiciaire en Beam a la fin du maven age (Biarritz: Atlantica, 1999). 309 pp. ISBN z-84;94-149-o. F. Fr. zoo.oo.

The Martinet is the cartulary of Orthez (Beam), the book named Livre martinet de la communaute d'Ortheg relie en i73o, containing all the acts which the municipal authorities saw fit to preserve and which run from the thirteenth to the eighteenth centuries. This edition contains texts up to those of the end of the fifteenth century, of which all are in Gascon, apart from four in Latin and two in French.

These reflect the varied aspects of a small Pyrenean town, commercial regulations, toll rights, juridical and commercial privileges, but they are set against the backdrop of the authority and domination of the viscounts, among whom the name of Gaston VII of Moncade is pre-eminent. It was he who decided to establish himself in Orthez in 1242, thus bringing the town into the limelight.

The subtitle relates to the preponderance of texts which relate directly to acts of violence, which mark the relationships among individuals, local lords, or neighbouring communities and which culminate in the revolt of the populace against Gaston III Phebus. …

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