Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Les Congrégations Religieuses: De la France Au Québec, 1880-1914, Tome 3: Vers Des Eaux Plus Calmes 1905-1914

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

Les Congrégations Religieuses: De la France Au Québec, 1880-1914, Tome 3: Vers Des Eaux Plus Calmes 1905-1914

Article excerpt

Les congrégations religieuses: De la France au Québec, 1880-1914, Tome 3: Vers des eaux plus calmes 1905-1914. By Guy Laperrière. (Québec: Les Presses de l'Université Lavai. 2005. Pp. 730. Paperback.)

Following upon volume 1 (1996) and volume 2 (1999), this is the third volume of a detailed historical description and analysis of the coming from France to the Province of Québec of hundreds of sisters, brothers, and priests who were members of several dozen Catholic religious congregations. This migration, which occurred during the decades preceding World War I, was caused by a series of laws adopted by French republican governments during the years following 1880, laws that restricted or banned the existence, and especially the founding and running of schools, by Catholic religious orders and congregations. Laperrière's overall purpose is to study the impact of these French clerical immigrants on Québec Catholicism and Québec society.

As was the case in his first two volumes, Laperrière's book is as thorough as possible, examining in turn, based upon secondary and primary sources, the vast majority of French religious congregations that came to Québec during the years in question. He explains the origins of each congregation in the French social context of its time, and shows why so many were driven to emigrate to Canada by the hostility of successive French governments. He also provides much historical context on the Québec society that was welcoming the French immigrant clergy. …

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