Academic journal article Social Security Bulletin

Social Security in Review

Academic journal article Social Security Bulletin

Social Security in Review

Article excerpt

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (Welfare Reform) was signed by the President on August 22, 1996. This law makes some significant changes to the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. Following is a summary of the welfare reform provisions for which SSA has responsibility.

Children are required to meet more stringent medical criteria to qualify for SSI, and a revised review process will be implemented to monitor their continuing eligibility. Those children who do not meet the new set of prerequisites will lose benefits on July 1, 1997, or the month after their cases are reviewed, whichever is later. Reviews are scheduled to take place every 3 years for children under age 18 and at 12 months for infants who received SSI because of low birth weights.

SSA must notify the parent/guardian of children who may be potentially affected by the new provisions by January 1, 1997. To satisfy the requirements of the law and to deal with the anticipated increased workload with efficiency, informational notices will be staggered to recipients within a 2-month period. These notices will be sent to approximately 300,000 children from mid-November 1996 through mid-December 1996.

Payment of SSI benefits to many non-US. citizens is prohibited under the new law. Only refugees, asylees, and noncitizens whose deportation has been withheld (subject to a 5year eligibility limit) may receive SSI payments. …

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