Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology

The Sustainability of Institutional Capacity in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) at the State University of Medan

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology

The Sustainability of Institutional Capacity in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) at the State University of Medan

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

As one of the developing countries, the Government of Indonesia (GoI) realizes that in order to improve its national competitiveness, the main assignment is to improve the educational system through the utilization of information and Communication Technology (ICT). To achieve this goal efficiently is to involve all state universities in Indonesia that already have the basic resources for ICT implementation. Through Indonesian Higher Education Directorate (DIKTI) - Indonesian Higher Education Network (INHERENT) project called Institutional Capacity Development in Information and Communication Technology, The Government of Indonesia not only can reduce the overall cost but also can share and deliver the responsibility to every state university in Indonesia for maintaining the project sustainability. To maintain the sustainability of the project at State University of Medan (UNIMED) made two decisions: (1) to maximize the use of cyber cafe that could generate revenue up to 261 million Rupiah (US$ 27,473.68) per year; (2) to implement the e-mail services that could generate revenue up to 815,1 million Rupiah (US$ 85,800) per year. The utilization of ICT at UNIMED not only can improve its academia abilities, but also can deliver service towards the community or other institution within their area by sharing its bandwidth capacities.

Keywords: Institutional Capacity Development; State University of Medan; sustainability; bandwidth sharing.

INTRODUCTION

The rapid change in various aspect of life for the past decade are triggering the challenge towards educational system in order to meet the needs of the evolving environment that also struggling to satisfy the needs of humankind. This base on the fact that educational system is closely related to development, where we have to admit that there are still a large gap between the developing and the developed countries in term of the educational system. Implementation of information and communication technologies (ICT) such as radio, television, computers, and the emergence of internet proofed to be sufficient tools to minimize the gap.

As one of the developing countries, Indonesian government also realizes that the role of ICT is become more prominent to minimize the gap. This fact can be seen from the Government of Indonesia (GoI) responds in order to enhance the broader diffusion of ICT for the people. For that reason, GoI issued several Decrees and Instructions, such as (Amir & Sulaiman, 2003):

* Presidential Instruction No. 6/2001 (April 2001), concerning Development of Telecommunication, Media, and Informatics (Telematika) in Indonesia, a five year National Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Action Plan for Indonesia.

* Presidential Decree No. 9/2003, concerning the ICT Coordinating Team (ICCT).

* On Internet promotion, the Ministry Communication and Information (MCI) launched the GoI website http://www.indonesia.go.id in April 2002 and since then MCI has coordinated several national ICT promotional campaigns in various regional capitals with the IT industry associations. The most recent promotion was the ICT month in August 2003 where the President, MCI and several private sector organizations gave national awards. There is now a greater use of Internet by various central and regional (including Provincial and District) government agencies is now evident and most of the electronic and print media outlets have now established their Website facilities. Some media establishments do now broadcast their daily programs through the Internet. For example, the national "Radio Republic of Indonesia" (RRI) Internet broadcast can now be accessed from anywhere around the world.

* In line with the target of World Summit for Information Society (WSIS) to improve the accessibility of community access points or multipurpose community telecenters (MTCs) especially in rural villages and remote areas. The Government of Indonesia has facilitated several initiatives such as Technology Information Kiosks (WARINTEK) 2000 Programme, developed by the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) and The Ministry of Research and Technology (MENRISTEK). …

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