Academic journal article Studies in African Linguistics

Das K'abeena. Deskriptive Grammatik Einer Hochlandostkuschitischen Sprache

Academic journal article Studies in African Linguistics

Das K'abeena. Deskriptive Grammatik Einer Hochlandostkuschitischen Sprache

Article excerpt

Crass, Joachim. Das K'abeena. Deskriptive Grammatik einer Hochlandostkuschilischen Sprache. (Cushitic Language Studies, vol. 23). Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. Pp. viii, 383. 1 map, 52 tables, 1 illustration. ISBN 3-89645-480-3. Paperback. euro60.00.

The Highland East Cushitic language K'abeena is described in this grammar. Chapter 1, "Einleitung" [1-14], situates the language, spoken in Wolkite, 160 km southwest of Addis Ababa, and relates it to other Cushitic languages. Chapter 2, "Phonologie [15-60], identifies the phonemes and presents minimal pairs. The vowel inventory includes a series of 5 short voiceless allophones which have achieved the status of being quasi-surface-contrastive, and play a role in case marking, due to shifts in accent. This chapter also describes the complex system of inflectional classes and accentual alternations associated with case and other morphological categories. There are a number of phonological processes operative in the language, including vowel epenthesis which eliminates certain consonant sequences, gemination, metathesis and vowel harmony. Chapter 3, "Nomen" [61-121], describes the inflection of nouns for case, number, gender, possession and definiteness. Nouns may be singular or "transnumeral" in their citation form, and there are five inflectional groups in terms of patterns of singular, transnumeral and plural marking, all encoded by numerous suffixes. The chapter also described many noun derivational processes and the seven case forms whose variations give rise to 13 inflectional paradigms. …

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