The story of a profession can be told through an exploration of its history, language, values, rituals, symbols, and literature. This paper combines the expertise of an addictions librarian and an addictions treatment/recovery historian to describe the evolution of addiction/recovery-related periodicals (ARPs) over the past 150 years. It explores what the periodic rise, changing character, and fall of ARPs reveal about the larger history of addiction treatment and recovery in America. The alcohol and other drugs problems field is made up of diverse functions and institutions-formal prevention and treatment programs, informal mutual aid groups, scientific research institutes, personal growth movements, public policy bodies, education and advocacy agencies, and professional associations representing physicians, nurses, counselors, psychologists, and social workers. Addictions periodicals play an intregal part in linking these various constituency groups. We will examine the history of the addictions periodicals that have served to link these groups.
This is not the first effort to step back and examine ARPs. Andrews and Cohen (1979) and Boxenbaum and Jaffe (1982) provided independent reviews of the emergence of addiction-- related periodicals that were birthed in the 1970s. These early review articles were followed by analyses of the evolving topical focus of articles in ARPs (Moll and Narin, 1977; Van Ruyven and Veenstra, 1993), analyses of the impact of particular ARPs via citation analysis within the broad arena of addiction literature (Jones, 1999), guides on where to publish addiction-related research manuscripts (Arciniega and Miller, 1997), and trend analyses of issues such as the rise of multiple authorship in ARPs (Jones, 1996; Howard, 1992; Howard and Walker, 1996).
This paper is distinguished from these earlier efforts in three ways. First, it views this genre of literature within a much longer historical perspective. Second, it provides a widened perspective on ARPs by including-in addition to peerreviewed journals-professional trade journals, magazines, and newsletters for both professionals and general readers. Third, it suggests that trends in ARPs provide a subtle window of exploration into past and emerging trends in the alcohol and other drugs problems arena.
We began this study by attempting to assemble a listing or chronology of all American ARP literature for the past 150 years. Collections utilized included the Illinois Addiction Studies Archive housed at Chestnut Health Systems in Bloomington, IL (http://www.chestnut.org), the Hazelden Library and Information Resources collection in Center City, MN (http:llwww.hazelden.org/library), and the online listing for the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute of Seattle, WA (http://depts.washington.edu/ada il). Also examined were Ulrichs International Periodicals Directory 2000, the Serials Directory: An International Reference Book 1999, the OCLC database, and serendipitous approaches such as word of mouth and advertisements. Our list of ARP titles continued to be expanded and updated until the paper was finalized in October 2001.
"ARP" was defined to include journals, newsletters, and government items-anything produced in serial and periodical form rather than monographic form. We defined "addiction/ recovery-related" in the broadest sense, from publications that focused on the neurobiology of addiction to those that focused on treatment research and protocol to those written as mediums of personal support for persons in addiction recovery. When adding to the list, we focused on finding periodicals that were professional or non-professional in focus, regional or local or national in geographic scope, and published by any entity (private or public). The chronology of more than 200 collected titles was placed into a graph listing the title, publisher, date started, date ceased or still current (as appropriate), format, focus, and intended audience. …