Academic journal article Medium Aevum

Le Jongleur Dans la Littérature Narrative Des XIIe et XIIIe Siècles: Du Personnage Au Masque

Academic journal article Medium Aevum

Le Jongleur Dans la Littérature Narrative Des XIIe et XIIIe Siècles: Du Personnage Au Masque

Article excerpt

Silvère Ménégaldo, Le Jongleur dans la littérature narrative des XIIe et XIIIe siècles: Du personnage au masque, Nouvelle Bibliothèque du Moyen Âge 74 (Paris: Honoré Champion, 2005). 720 pp. ISBN 2-7453-1250-2. Sw. Fr. 145.00/euro105.00.

Silvère Ménégaldo defines his topic as a study of the representation of the jongleur in narrative texts of twelfth- and thirteenth-century France, both north and south. In contrast to Edmond Faral's early study of jongleurs, Ménégaldo is not interested in the historical reality of medieval minstrels, but solely in how they were portrayed in literary texts. After a bibliographical and theoretical introduction, this study is divided into three parts. In the first, devoted to the Occitan epic Daurel et Beton (the only major work in medieval French literature with a jongleur as protagonist), the author works out his methodology. Ménégaldo notes the mobility (social and geographical) of the jongleur, his role as a teacher, his verbal artistry, and raises the possibility that the character of the jongleur may inscribe the figure of the author into the text. However, the observations of this section are provisional, and are readdressed in chapters 2 (on chansons de geste, including La Prise d'Orange, Hervis de Metz and the continental versions of Bueve de Hantone) and 3 (on other Occitan literary texts - lyric poetry, vidas and razos of the troubadours, and the Novas of Raimon Vidal).

Part II examines the jongleur as a character in narratives of a certain length, including six chansons de geste (Garin de Monglane, Huon de Bordeaux, in addition to those mentioned above) and eleven romances (Thomas's Tristan, Protheselaus, the Bel Inconnu, Jean Renart's Roman de la Rose, Gerbert de Montreuil's Roman de la Violette and Continuation of Perceval, Joufroi de Poitiers, the Roman de Silence, Sone de Nansay, Adenet le Roi's Cleomadés, and the Roman du Castelain de Couci et de la dame de Fayel), as well as the much shorter Gautier d'Aupais. …

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