Academic journal article The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies

The Population Cycle Drives Human History - from a Eugenic Phase into a Dysgenic Phase and Eventual Collapse

Academic journal article The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies

The Population Cycle Drives Human History - from a Eugenic Phase into a Dysgenic Phase and Eventual Collapse

Article excerpt

In the period before the onset of demographic transition from large to small families, when fertility rates were positively associated with income levels, Malthusian pressure gave an evolutionary advantage to individuals whose characteristics were positively correlated with child quality and hence higher IQ, increasing in such a way the frequency of underlying genes in the population. As the fraction of individuals of higher quality increased, technological progress intensified. Positive feedback between technological progress and the level of education reinforced the growth process, setting the stage for an industrial revolution that facilitated an endogenous take-off from the Malthusian trap. The population density rose and with it social and political friction, especially important at the top of the social pyramid. Thus, from a certain turning point of history, the well-to-do have fewer children than the poor. Once the economic environment improves sufficiently, the evolutionary pressure weakens, and on the basis of spreading egalitarian ideology and general suffrage the quantity of people gains dominance over quality. At present, we have already reached the phase of global human capital deterioration as the necessary prerequisite for a global collapse by which the overpopulated earth will probably decimate those of mediocre IQ.

Key Words: IQ; Dysgenics; Democracy; Poverty; Francis Galton; Darwinism; Fertility; Demographic transition; Human capital.

About 50 years ago, in the former communist East Germany, I asked my schoolteacher what would happen after communism. He answered: "Nothing else, because communism is the final stage of human history."

Today the President of the United States does not stand alone in his conviction that democracy is the final stage of history to which the entire world is headed. However, 2,350 years ago, Aristotle wrote in his Politics that democracy is only one stage in history and would be superseded by another stage. From the history of the Greek city-states, he gained the insight that any particular constitution depends on the distribution of poverty and wealth. "There must therefore necessarily be as many different forms of governments as there are different ranks in the society, arising from the superiority of some over others, and their different situations." But Aristotle knew also: "The first and principal instrument of the politician is the number of the people; he should therefore know how many, and what they naturally ought to be." And Gunnar Myrdal added in 1938 (p. 33): "No other factor - not even that of peace or war - is so tremendously fatal for the destinies of democracies as the factor of population. Democracy, not only as a political form, but with all its content of civic ideals and human life, must either solve this problem or perish."

Because the number, density and social structure of a population (Lopreato and Crippen, 1999) are never constant but always changing (Sorokin, 1937; Weiss, 1993), the constitutions and political ideals of states are also never constant, but always changing: from monarchy to aristocracy, further to oligarchy and democracy, not in a linear fashion, but with steps backwards and forwards. Sooner or later the cycle of constitutions leads to democracy - according to Aristotle "of all the excellent constitutions... the worst, but of bad ones, the best." Necessarily, the deficiencies of democracy (Hoppe, 2001) must be made up by taxes, confiscations, and fines imposed upon the well-to-do. In such a way democracy inevitably degenerates into a corrupt government of the plebs and mobocracy. A "dictatorship of the proletariat", which in the name of democracy (Somit and Peters, 1997) redistributes without any constraints from poor to rich, from the brave and diligent to the paupers, destroys the economic power of the society in its roots. Finally, the people will hail an autocrat as saviour, and after a complete breakdown the cycle starts again. …

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