Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Effects of a Couple Communication Program on Passive Conflict Tendency among Married Couples

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Effects of a Couple Communication Program on Passive Conflict Tendency among Married Couples

Article excerpt

Abstract

The present study examined the effect of a 10-session couple communication program developed by the researcher on passive conflict tendencies among married couples. The research was carried out with 28 married couples, 14 participants in the control group, and 14 participants in the experimental group. The design of the research was an experimental, pre-test post-test and a follow-up model. Married couples' tendency of passive conflict was measured by the Tendency of Passive Conflict Subscale of the Conflict Tendency Scale (Dökmen, 1986). Mann Whitney U Test, Wilcoxon Matched - Pairs Signed Ranks Test and One-Way Anova for Repeated Measures were used to analyze the data. The results showed that the tendency of passive conflict among married couples who attended the program were lower than those who did not attend the program (p < .001). It was found that there is no significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores in the control group. Follow- up administrations were conducted three and six months after the program had finished. There was a significant difference between post-test passive conflict subscale scores and the first follow up test scores in favor of the first follow up. It was found out that there was not a significant difference between the second follow up test scores, conducted after six months, and the first follow up test scores. It can be argued that the couple communication program has positive and permanent effects in lowering the tendency of passive conflict among married couples.

Key Words

Couple Communication Program, Marital Conflict, Tendency of Passive Conflict, Married Couple.

The last 20 years, divorce statistics show that disagreement and discord between couples have a great importance, with 90 percent average, in divorce causes in Turkey (DIE, 1988; Population and the Citizenship Directorate of the Turkish Republic, 2004) and that the divorce statistics are on the increase. The statistics point out that communication, conflict resolution, and agreement between couples gain importance gradually. For a happy and harmonious marriage, couples should have effective communication and conflict resolution skills (Halford, Kelly & Markman, 1997; Sabatelli, 1988). Marriage conflicts might generally arise from the disagreements in relation to which rules the couples will obey and who will put the rules in order (Haley, 1988). Therefore, these types of demanding or requesting reactions have deleterious effects on the marriage (Christensen & Heavey, 1990). If the couples lack healthy communication and conflict solving skills, it is inevitable that they will have marital conflicts (Christensen & Shenk, 1990; Klawer, Heesink, & Viliert, 1997; Acitelli, L. K., Douvan, E., & Veroff, J. (1993). Conflicts may be of an active or passive nature. In active conflicts, partners constantly, accuse, oppress, criticize, dispute with or insult each other for a prolonged period, without caring what the other is saying, on the basis of various pretexts (Hojjat, 2000). Passive conflict in marital relations lead to couples some disagreement and conflicts; therefore, they become silent and passive. In other words, they do not communicate verbally and keep apart from solving conflict situations (Harary & Batell, 1981). Therefore, there was not to have anything to do with them in terms of senses and thoughts. In other words, communication was come to end and unsolved conflicts lead to couples worse relations than before. Moreover, unsolved conflicts lead to couples not speaking with them and after this time, there will be enmity and disgust senses in couples relations. It can be advanced that passive conflicts in marital relations may result in destroying marital harmony and damaging the family. Domestic violence against female partners is one of the most frequent reasons for divorce among the Turkish population (Arikan, 1992).

Disagreement on account of marriage conflict might also negatively affect the children in the family. …

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