Academic journal article Yearbook for Traditional Music

Ilê Omolu Oxum: Cantigas E Toques Para Os Orixás

Academic journal article Yearbook for Traditional Music

Ilê Omolu Oxum: Cantigas E Toques Para Os Orixás

Article excerpt

SOUTH AMERICA

Ilê Omolu Oxum: Cantigas e Toques Para os Orixás. Coleção Documentos Sonoros. Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro 109.824. Recorded by Ricardo Freitas, Edmundo Pereira, and Gustavo Pacheco. Annotated by Antonio Carlos de Souza Lima, Ricardo Oliveira de Freitas, Edmundo Pereira, and Gustavo Pacheco. 29 pp. of notes in Portuguese with English summary. English translation by Keith Reid and Gustavo Pacheco. 14 colour, 5 b/w photographs. 1 compact disc, 51 tracks (59:46).

This compact disc is the first of a new series organized by a group of anthropologists from the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro. Its fifty-one tracks present a good sample of the ceremonial repertoire of chants and rhythmic patterns of an important candomblé cult house in Rio de Janeiro. Candomblé, the most well-known African-derived Brazilian religious form, has always been associated with the northeastern state of Bahia. For this reason, academic music studies of this religious culture in Rio de Janeiro are still relatively rare. The order of the orixás (Yoruba deities worshipped in candomblé) to whom the chants are dedicated follows the sequence (xirê) respected in ceremonial activities. The proper number of chants sung for an orixá is also observed and, as in actual ceremonies, the same number (in this case, the minimum, three) is sung for each subsequent deity. …

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