Academic journal article Canadian Journal of Public Health

Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors

Academic journal article Canadian Journal of Public Health

Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors

Article excerpt

Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Ezzati M, Jamison DT, Murray CJL (Eds.). New York, NY: The World Bank and Oxford University Press, 2006; 475 pp, CAD$68.95

This book presents a comprehensive global health examination of the leading causes of disease burden at the turn of the 21st century. It is a culmination of the results of the 2001 Global burden of Disease (GbD) study. The content of this book has been conveniently divided into two overarching sections: global burden of disease and risk factors, and sensitivity analyses.

The first section begins with a skillfully written synopsis of the history of disease burden research, highlighting the origin of the disability-adjusted life year. This sets the tone for the remainder of the book, especially with regards to the formation of effective health policies. A summary of the methodologies and results obtained from studies utilizing the GbD framework are eloquently presented and based on an array of data, including that presented by the World bank. The final part of this section focuses on a detailed discussion of modifiable risk factors, including both individual and the interaction of multiple risk factors. This adds new information to this area of study by emphasizing the multifactorial nature of risk on disease development.

The second section thoroughly examines the use of sensitivity and uncertainty analyses specific to disease burden measures. …

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