Academic journal article Journal of Haitian Studies

Jacques Roumain

Academic journal article Journal of Haitian Studies

Jacques Roumain

Article excerpt

"A people that produced a Jacques Roumain cannot die."

-Jacques Stephen Alexis

Jacques Roumain was born in Port-au-Prince on June 4, 1907. He attended the Saint Louis de Gonzague School, one of the finest Catholic institutions in Haiti, and traveled exensively throughout Europe, learning German language and culture in Switzerland and studying agronomy in Spain. In France, Roumain undertook the study of ethnology at the Sorbonne. He later journeyed to the United States to continue his anthropological studies at Columbia University.

When he returned to his native country, Roumain joined the ranks of those who were fighting for a new Haiti, free from the American occupation of 1915-1934. His revolutionary stance resulted in several harsh incarcerations, even before he helped found the Haitian Communist party.

Teacher, writer, militant, visionary, journalist, and diplomat, he published an impressive list of books, novellas, novels, poetry collections, and essays:

La proie et l'ombre (The Prey and the Shadow, 1930)

La montagne ensorcelée (The Bewitched Mountain, 1931)

Les fantoches (The Puppets, 1931)

Analyse schématique 32-34 (Schematic Analysis, 1934)

Griefs de l'homme noir (Sufferings of the Black Man, 1939)

À propos de la campagne anti-superstitieuse (About the Anti-Superstitious Campaign, 1942)

Le sacrifice du tambour Assôtôr (The Sacrifice of the Assotor Drum, 1943)

Gouverneurs de la rosée (Masters of the Dew, 1944)

Bois d'ébène (Ebony Woods, 1945). …

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