Academic journal article Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Machiavellianism and Psychopathy: An East-West Note

Academic journal article Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Machiavellianism and Psychopathy: An East-West Note

Article excerpt

Keywords: machiavellianism, personality, primary psychopath, affective poverty, lack of remorse, guilt, manipulativeness.

Western theory and research has found a positive relationship between the Machiavellian personality (Mach) and the Primary Psychopath (PP). Joint symptoms include affective poverty, lack of remorse/guilt, and manipulativeness. We explored the Mach-PP relationship in a culture which changed radically after 1990 from socialism to capitalism.

Tests: Mach-IV (Christie & Geis, 1970) and the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale 1 (LSRP; Levenson, Kiehl, & Fitzpatrick, 1995) were translated to Bulgarian, then back-translated. The sample contained 42 college students.

RESULTS/DISCUSSION

Mach-IV and the LSRP correlated negatively (r(35) = -.32, p < .05); American studies have found correlations around .60. Bulgarians scored higher than an American sample (125 students) on the Mach-IV (t(160) = 7.45, p < .001) and on the LSRP Scale 1 (t(160) = 7.79, p < .001) (McHoskey, Worzel, & Szyarto, 1998). A Bulgarian sample (101 students) also scored higher than Americans on the LSRP 1 (t(224) = 2.02, p < .05). Competing perspectives suggest: 1) Bulgarians are more Mach-PP (by Western definition) because of early years spent in a coercive society; 2) as young students, they have lived relatively long under individualist norms, therefore "look out for Number 1. …

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