Academic journal article International Journal of Business and Society

The Utilization of Educational Intelligence Technology Applications in Higher Educational Institutions in Sarawak

Academic journal article International Journal of Business and Society

The Utilization of Educational Intelligence Technology Applications in Higher Educational Institutions in Sarawak

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to investigate the utilization level of educational intelligence applications among lecturers from the Engineering and Business faculties of higher educational institutions in Sarawak, Malaysia. In this study, the utilization of educational intelligence applications was tested by One-way ANOVA, which is used to compare the utilization level of educational intelligence applications among lecturers between the two aforementioned faculties. The major findings reveal that the utilization level of educational intelligence applications was low despite the fact that all higher educational institutions were well equipped with educational technologies and facilities. Results of the analysis disclosed the utilization of educational intelligence applications in public higher educational institutions was higher than private institutions. The result also indicated that the utilization of educational intelligence applications in engineering faculties was higher than in business, in both public and private institutions. The Spearman's Rho correlation analysis is also done to determine the relationship between philosophical factor and the utilization of educational intelligence technology applications. The hypothesis of a relationship between the dependent variable, that is utilization of the educational intelligence applications with the philosophical factor was designed based from few studies previously done by Fox (1998), Myatt (1999), Kirkman, Osorio and Sachs (2002), and Tinio (2002). The correlation result showed that the philosophical factor had a low, positive relationship with the utilization of educational intelligence applications. It can be concluded that the low utilization level of the available educational technologies can be explained by the lecturer's philosophical elements. Therefore, this study can be viewed as groundwork in providing justification for the level of utilization of educational technologies in Malaysian higher educational institutions.

Keywords: Educational technologies, Intelligence applications, Teaching and learning processes.

INTRODUCTION

Today, the role of education is viewed from new perspectives. Its role has evolved and adapted to fulfill the needs of an economy that is centred on advances in knowledge and information. Compared to early education at the primary or secondary level, which is aimed at imparting general knowledge skills, university-level education involves knowledge specialization and high-level skills (Yaakub and Ayob, 1999; Peters, 2001; Salmi, 2002). Therefore, attention should be focused on university education as a way of developing the nation in order to power the efforts of the country's advancements. The roles of higher education are not only to create the requisite human resource for the knowledge-based economy but also to equip a generation with creativity, critical thinking skills and entrepreneurial competence. The evolving demands associated with the above mentioned aims for higher education have caused major changes in the way higher education institutions operate. Therefore, the demands as well as the roles of quality teaching and learning are also shifting.

The process of teaching and learning in higher education is now seen as being more complicated than just a simple process of delivering knowledge. Thus, it is important that the teaching and learning process is effective to ensure that this nation is continually provided with the same level of knowledge and skills as developed nations in order to face global changes and challenges. In order to enable higher education institutions to compete at a global level, the teaching and learning processes need a system or enabler that can facilitate the teaching and learning structure to become more systematic, to generate creative and critical thinking with fun, as well as to develop an interactive up-to-date approach (McArthur, Lewis and Bishay, 1993; Stahlke and Nyce, 1996; Ziguras, 2001). …

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