Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

A Comparative Study on Chinese and Western Classical Garden Arts/UNE ETUDE COMPARATIVE ENTRE LES ARTS CLASSIQUES DES JARDINS CHINOIS ET EUROPEENS

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

A Comparative Study on Chinese and Western Classical Garden Arts/UNE ETUDE COMPARATIVE ENTRE LES ARTS CLASSIQUES DES JARDINS CHINOIS ET EUROPEENS

Article excerpt

Abstract:

The differences and identities of the arts of classical gardens between China and the West are compared in this paper. Due to the differences in natural conditions, historical origins, social environments, cultural backgrounds and religious factors, the gardens in China and the West developed in a diametrically opposite way from the very beginning. The former has been seeking natural beauty, and the later was in pursuit of artificial beauty. Even so, there are many identities, such as the identity of mankind, social identity and material identity, of the gardens between China and the West, which are confirmed by the authors according to the historical facts of exchange between the two. And now, facing the common problems of environment, they both are headed in the same direction towards the natural and ecological gardens, but by different routes.

Kew words: Chinese and Western garden arts; differences and similarities; general trend of garden making

Résumé: Vous trouverez par ce présent les différences et les identités des arts des jardins chinois et européens.En raison des différences dans les conditions naturelles , des origines historiques, des environnements sociaux, des contextes culturels et des facteurs religieux, les arts des jardins chinois et européens ont connu du développement de manières absolument différente dès le tout début. Le precedent cherche à la beauté naturelle et le dernier poursuit une beauté artificielle. Cependant, ils possèdent beaucoup comme identités des arts des jardins chinois et européens telles ques celle de l'être humain, sociale et matérielle qui ont été confirmées par les auteurs en fonction des échanges de facteurs historiques entre les deux. Pour le présent, face aux probllèmes communs environnementaux, ils s'orientent tous les deux dans la même direction des jardins naturels et écoloqiques, mais par de différents trajets.

Mots clés: Arts des jardins chinois et européens ; différences et similaités ;tendance générale de jadinage

1. INTRODUCTION

Present day's world is characterized by a growing interdependence among the nations. The implementation of a nation's policies and the exploration of the solutions to the unceasing problems are beyond a nation's boundary. Under the push of revolution in science and technology, the world is operating as a whole and each part is inseparably united. Therefore, it is necessary to apply a comparative approach to annotate social phenomena, to study related problems and to seek satisfactory answers. In viewing of this, the comparative study on Chinese and Western cultures has become a hot subject. Though few people have had a touch of the comparison between Chinese and Western garden arts, which is an organic part of comparative study on Chinese and Western cultures, the research is quite significant. It can not only broaden our vision, but also stimulate the gardeners to understand the overall situation of garden making in China objectively, to use others' strong points for reference to overcome our short points, and to enable the arts of garden making in China catch up with other countries' and develop in a healthy way. Furthermore, the comparative study on Chinese and Western garden arts is conducive to our understanding of the essentials of garden arts, to our exploration into the general principles of garden arts and to the change of situation that theory lags behind practice in garden arts. The study can also be a guide to garden making in China and furthermore be an attempt to contribute to the prosperity and development for the cause of garden making in the world. Seeing that, the comparative study on Chinese and Western garden arts has a profound significance in theory and practice.

2. THE DIFFERENCES OF GARDEN STYLES BETWEEN CHINA AND WEST

The main garden styles through the history of garden making in the world are listed in table 1.

Table 1 shows that before the 18th century, the garden style dominating the Western European continent was Geometrical style, though there once were various others. …

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