Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Protection of Non-Material Cultural Heritages and Tourism Development/PROTECTION DES HERITAGES DE CULTURE NON-MATERIELLE ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT DU TOURISME

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Protection of Non-Material Cultural Heritages and Tourism Development/PROTECTION DES HERITAGES DE CULTURE NON-MATERIELLE ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT DU TOURISME

Article excerpt

Abstract:

As an ancient nation with a long history and civilization, China is abundant in non-material cultural heritage, which not only lays the cultural foundation for Chinese nation but also carries original gene of the Chinese civilization. Non-material cultural heritage, recognized as a form of culture as well as a source of tourism, arouses gradual concerns and focus from people involved. This paper firstly proposes the definition of non-material cultural heritage, its origins and features, on the basis of which the role it plays in tourism has been brought out. Meanwhile, great emphasis is put on the concerning problems in tourism. In view of these issues, suggestions and possible solutions have been offered to protect the non-material cultural heritage.

Key Words: non-material cultural heritages, protection, tourism development

Résumé: Ayant une longue histoire et civilisation, la Chine est un ancien pays riche en héritages très abondants de culture non-matérielle, qui non seulement ont jeté les fondements de la culture des chinois, mais aussi portent les gènes originels de la culture des chinois. Comme une forme de culture ainsi qu'une source de tourisme, la culture non-matérielle est reconnue de tout le monde de plus en plus, et aussi attire-t-elle les attentions et les reflexions des gens. Cet article explique d'abord le concept, l'origine et les caractères de la culture non-matérielle, puis démontre que la culture non-matérielle est une source importamte de tourisme en mettant l'accent sur les analyses de ses problèmes dans le développement du tourisme, et donnant des propositons et des points de vue pour sa protection.

Mots-Clés: héritage de culture non-matérielle, protection, le développement du tourisme

1. DEFINITION AND CONNOTATION OF NON-MATERIAL CULTURAL HERITAGE

1.1 Definition of non-material cultural heritage

Non-material cultural heritage refers to the manifestation and cultural space of traditional culture handed down from generation to generation by peoples of different nationalities, such as folk activity, performance, traditional knowledge and skills, and the concerned instruments, hand-made artifacts. Non-material cultural heritage also ranges from oral and written language employed to convey these cultures, conventional performing art, folk play, ceremony, festivals, traditional knowledge of nature and universe and its practice in real life, artifacts to the cultural space to perform the above-mentioned activities.

1.2 Features of Non-material cultural heritage

1.2.1 Relativity

Every non-material cultural heritage has its unique value in relation to other heritages. It springs up from the roots of its own culture; therefore, the customs, religions, folk music, and dance can only be valued by virtue of comparison with other cultures.

1.2.2 Aliveness and popularity

Generally speaking, non-material cultural heritage refers to the existing cultural heritage, which is based on human activities. Non-material cultural heritage puts more emphasis on handing down its knowledge and skills, which, in turn, mirror the way of living of nations whose intelligence and emotion are best immersed in these living evidence.

1.3 Importance of protecting non-material cultural heritage

1.3.1 The role the protection of non-material cultural heritage can play in harmonizing material civilization and spiritual one

Since non-material cultural heritage not only involves material civilization but also spiritual one, it has its special role in teaching history, educating people, encouraging a nation's sense of pride in its own tradition, and purifying the soul and nourishing the hunger for culture.

1.3.2 The role the protection of non-material cultural heritage can play in stimulating the cultural communication and creation of the minority

To protect non-material cultural heritage means to protect the variety of each culture that attributes to each nation, which is the source of creation of a new one. …

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