This research note examines the nature of rural women human capital in China. The study concludes that rural women human capital investment in China were constrained as a consequence of the interface of gender ideologies and social and economic structure constraints. The direction of future changes may depend on the level of involvement from external forces as well as internal adopted by Chinese rural women .
Key words: Rural Women, Human Capital, Human Capital Investment
Résumé: L'article présent examine la nature du capital humain des femmes rurales en Chine. On conclut de l'étude que l'investissement en capital humain des femmes rurales en Chine était contrainte comme une conséquence de l'interface entre l'idéologie de sexe et les contraintes structurales sociales et économiques. La direction du changement futur dépendrait du niveau de participation des forces externes et internes adoptées par les femmes rurales chinoises.
Mots-Clés: femme rurale, capital humain, investissement en capital humain
Women play an important role in creating human culture and impelling social development. China is a great agricultural nation, while the rural women takes a percentage of over 70 in the entire women population; with rural masculine labor forces doing egresses works, now in the first line production of countryside, the female have occupied 65.6% of the labor force. The output value that rural women created accounts for more than 60% in the total agricultural output value, now the rural women become the main body in the agricultural production in China.4 Some valuable research into rural women and gendered processes has been undertaken in many aspects, reflecting the increase in number of women in the labour market and in workplace organization . Such as: the problem of the farmland assignment and sex equality in countryside (Zhuling,2000); The affect of marketability in reconstruction of rural feminine value status (Wang Jinling,1999); The function of the rural women's work in agricultural production (Hu Ruifa, 1998); The influence of countryside reform to rural women family and social position (Zhang Minjie, Wang Xinfeng, 2000); The effects of evolution of countryside industrial structure to the adaptiveness of rural female.(Sun Liangyuan, ginger insult, 2003); The cost, benefit and the employment pattern of the rural female doing egresses works (Huang Zuhui 2006), and so on.
This article attempts to seek the ways that enhance the rural female human capital investment, through revelation of the factors and reasons which influence rural female human capital.
To increase investment human capital for rural women, is not only an important way of promoting social efficient production, but also a strategy need to achieve human sustainable development.
The data for this research note were drawn from three secondary sources, including (a) Statistical yearbook, including National Bureau of Statistics of China, 2005, Beijing: China Statistical Publishing Company, and China healthy yearbook, National Bureau of Health of China, in 2005.Beijing: China Population Publishing Company; (b)Many kind of press involved the "rural women" include journals, books and newspaper, in quality broadsheets such as Problem of Agriculture Economics and Research on Agriculture Modernization , in population-orientated press include book and journal such as Reformation and growth of Chinese labor market ,The Population Science of China , Journal of Political and Economy Journal of Labor Economics, some comprehend journal such as Literature Exchange and Journal of Zhejiang. Research of Education of Tsinghua University. Newspaper such as Guang ming Daily and Newspaper of Chinese education. The third source is reporting in Internet including articles and reports such as China Education and Research Network. http://www.edu.cn/, The education condition Chinese women received , http://www. …