Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

The Observation and Experiment of Field dependence/Field Independence Based on R&T Users' Behavioral of Information Searching/OBSERVATION ET EXPÉRIMENTATION DE LA DÉPENDANCE DE CHAMP/ INDÉPENDANCE DE CHAMP BASÉES SUR LE COMPORTEMENT DE RECHERCHE D'INFORMATION DES UTILISATEURS R&T

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

The Observation and Experiment of Field dependence/Field Independence Based on R&T Users' Behavioral of Information Searching/OBSERVATION ET EXPÉRIMENTATION DE LA DÉPENDANCE DE CHAMP/ INDÉPENDANCE DE CHAMP BASÉES SUR LE COMPORTEMENT DE RECHERCHE D'INFORMATION DES UTILISATEURS R&T

Article excerpt

Abstract:

Analysis the R&T users' behavioral of information seeking based on the theory of field independence/field dependence and take experiments on the analysis. It is of great meaning to make research from the angle. Choose university students as example to take empirical datum analysis and.

Key words: R&T Users, field dependence/field independence, information seeking, cognitive style, experiment

Résumé: Le présent article vise à analyser, sur la base de la théorie de dépendance de champ/indépendance de champ, le comportement de recherche d'information des utilisateurs R&T et à faire l'expérimentation sur l'analyse. Il est de grande signification d'entreprendre les recherches sous cet angle. On choisit des étudiants universitaires comme exemples pour accomplir l'analyse des données empiriques.

Mots-Clés: utilisateurs R&T, dépendance de champ/indépendance de champ, recherche d'information, style cognitif, expérimentation

1. INTRODUCTION

In psychology, cognition refers to individual gain and the internal information processing of psychological activity. Its research area includes information choice, inputting, coding, storing as well as extraction and so on. The cognition process is a process in which an individual obtains, code, store, extract and use the information and also including a series of continual cognition operation according to certain procedure system.

The cognitive style refers to an individual's performance in the information processing that is the unique style kept by him. There are many kinds of views about how the cognition style should be classified. At present, three kinds of basic classification are proposed, that is from the cognition, the personality and the move to classify the cognitive style. In this paper, the field independence/field dependence classification we studied here was proposed by Witkin in 1964, who took the cognition as the central viewpoint and more concerned the characteristic of cognitive process style. The 'field' means the environment. It has great influence to human's consciousness. The cognitive style about field independence/field dependant firstly proposed for resolving the problem about individual difference, mainly referring to the consciousness of an individual whether it is referenced by the external field of vision or by body itself as the contrast.

During the entire information searching process, we may see the field independence and the field interdependence phenomenon anywhere. The independent user is good at utilizing each kind of method for finding the correct answer, while the field dependent user is short of this ability. In order to study the science and technology users' information searching behavior, from the field independence/field dependence angel is meaningful to the more widespread discussion about the problem.

This paper has mainly done the following work:

A. Introduced the field independence/field interdependence concept and the present application situations.

B. According to above theory foundation, analysis the field independence/field dependence phenomenon during users' information searching in the technical database.

C. Carry on the exploring experimental inspection to field independence/field dependence phenomenon.

2. ABOUT FIELD INDEPENDENCE/FIELD DEPENDENCE

2.1 Concept and application of field independence/field dependence

The difference between field independence and field dependence is caused by the different space reference location, and then causes different ways to gain information. The field independence refers to the individual locating the space intrinsic reference relying, and obtain the knowledge and information only by one's interesting. And the field independent person favors in changing individual internal reference according to the environment, and more interests in abstract and theory. The field dependency refers to the environment external reference which the individual relies on oneself locates, and considers knowledge and information according to the stimulation of the environment. …

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