Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Use of Dreams in Hughes's Poetry/LES RÊVES DANS LA POÉSIE DE HUGHES

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Use of Dreams in Hughes's Poetry/LES RÊVES DANS LA POÉSIE DE HUGHES

Article excerpt

Abstract:

This paper discusses about the dream themes of Hughes and the developing stages of Hughes' ideas about dreams. In Hughes's early poems, he describes the individual' dreams which are deferred. With the changes of social circumstances, in the late years of Langston Hughes, he advocates that dreams can't be deferred, human beings need to have collective, utopian and global dreams to achieve a better world.

Key words: dream, Hughes, development Collective Utopian

Résumé: L'article présent discute les thèmes de rêve dans la poésie de Hughes et le développement d'idée de Hughes sur le rêve. Dans ses premiers poèmes, Hughes décrit les rêves des individus qui sont remis. Avec le changement de la circonstance sociale, dans les dernières années de Langston Hughes, il préconise que les rêves ne peuvent être différés et que les êtes humains ont besoin de collectifs, utopiques et globaux rêves pour atteindre un monde meilleur.

Mots-Clés: rêve, Hughes, développement collectif utopique

1. INTRODUCTION

Throughout his career, Langton Hughes spoke of dreams. Without a doubt, Langten Hughes saw value in the image of the dream. In the poetry of Langton Hughes, the dream is one of the most frequently discussed concepts. To some extent, we can say that Langston Hughes was obsessed with dreams. One early and dearly loved poem urges listeners to "hold fast to dreams." Two of his books of poetry incorporated the word " dream" in their titles. His 1932 book aimed at young readers was The Dream Keeper, and his highly celebrated 1951 jazz volume was Montage of a Dream Deferred. Of the 879 poems in The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes, seventy-four make explicit reference to dreams. A number of the poem titles play with a variation on the word "dream," such as "Dream," "Dream Variations," "Dream Boogie," "Dream Boogie: Variation," " "The Dream Keeper," "Dream of Freedom," "I Dream a World," and "Montage of a Dream Deferred. In this article, we would like to analyze the significance of dreams and different categories of dreams of Langton Hughes.

DEVELOPMENT OF HUGHES' DREAM THEORIES

2.1 Poems of personal dreams to represent many voices in the poem : dreams deferred;people are frustrated but still hopeful

" Deferred " outlines the basic dreams of various speakers. One wants to graduate from high school, even at the age of twenty; several desire better material possessions- a white enamel stove, a television, a radio; another person wants to learn French. As the title suggests, all of these basic American desires are on hold, or deferred. The interior monologues by personas reveals many problems in their lives: kids dropping out of school because of frequent moving and inadequate tuition(dropped out six months when I was seven/then got put back when we come North/ and my boy's most grown/quit school to work) , poorly-equipped rental houses(cold-water flat and all that/all I want is to see my furniture paid for), racial discrimination(I want to pass the civil service), lack of basic living items(I ain't never owned a decent radio yet). Even though those simple economic needs of these American Americans are not satisfied, they are still having the value of persistence and faith in their goals: "Maybe this year I can graduate/ maybe I can buy that white enamel stove/I'll study French/ when I set my feet in glory/ I'll have a throne for mine."

"Mother to Son" was first published in the magazine Crisis in December of 1922 and reappeared in Langston Hughes's first collection of poetry, The Weary Blues in 1926. In that volume and later works, Hughes explores the lives of African-Americans who struggle against poverty and discrimination but still dreaming and hoping. "Mother to Son" is a dramatic monologue, spoken by the persona of a black mother to her son. Using the metaphor of a stairway, the mother tells her son that the journey of life more closely resembles a long, trying walk up the dark, decrepit stairways of a tenement than a glide down a "crystal stair. …

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