Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Political Disasters in Bangladesh and Affairs of the 'State of Emergency- 2007'/DÉSASTRES POLITIQUES EN BANGLADESH ET AFFAIRE D' « ÉTAT D'URGENCE - 2007 »

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Political Disasters in Bangladesh and Affairs of the 'State of Emergency- 2007'/DÉSASTRES POLITIQUES EN BANGLADESH ET AFFAIRE D' « ÉTAT D'URGENCE - 2007 »

Article excerpt

Abstract:

On January 11, 2008 Bangladesh stepped into its second year under a 'state of emergency' with the army backed caretaker government reeling under a number of difficulties on the political and economic fronts. Although Bangladesh has been experiencing 'state of emergencies' since the Pakistan period the pattern of this 'emergency' is distinct one in nature. This is going to be the longest episode of 'emergency' the country experiencing with truncated fundamental rights. Before January 11, 2007 the political situation over a parliamentary election turned so chaotic that it called for such stern action. Major political parties, general citizens along with the civil society are now demanding the withdrawal of the 'emergency'. This paper looks at the ground and outgrowth of the first year of the 'state of emergency- 2007'.

Key words: Bangladesh, state of emergency, ground and outgrowth

Résumé: Le 11 janvier 2008, la Bangladesh est entrée dans la deuxième année sous un « état d'urgence » avec l'armée qui soutien le gouvernement de gardien dépassé par un tas de difficultés sur les fronts politique et économique. Bien que la Bangladesh a connu un « état d'urgence » dans la période pakistanaise, le modèle de cette « urgence » est bien différent par sa nature. Il va devenir l'épisode d'urgence le plus long que le pays connaît avec des droits fondamentaux tronqués. Avant le 11 janvier 2007, la situation politique après une élection parlementaire s'avère si chaotique que le pays recourt à une telle action sévère. Les partis politiques majeurs, les citoyens et la société civile exigent maintenant la retraite de l' « urgence ». Le présent article examine la raison et la conséquence de la première année de l' « état d'urgence - 2007».

Mots-Clés: Bangladesh, état d'urgence, raison et conséquence

INTRODUCTION

The first name of present Bangladesh was "East Bengal" from 14th August 1947 till 14th October 1955, when it was renamed as "East Pakistan" and the name lasted till 25th March 1971 when the independence was declared on 26th march 1971. Since the East Pakistan period Bangladesh has been experiencing military rules and 'state of emergency' several times. Seemingly this state of emergency is different from all previous emergencies. This 'emergency-2007' was declared by the President who was also the Chief Advisor of the Non Party Caretaker Government. He was made President by his party Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) - the last ruling party. He was doing everything in favor of BNP even after he himself made the Chief Advisor of the interim caretaker government. Fourteen party opposition alliance leaded by another big political party Bangladesh Awami League (AL) protested his nomination as the chief advisor and protested for cancellation of the national election scheduled for February 22, 2007 without ensuring a neutral environment for all party. But he alone was in the hard-line for holding the national election in favor of his part (BNP); he referred it as, 'constitutional obligation'.

Unexpectedly he declared the 'state of emergency' on January 11, 2007 just 10 days before the scheduled national election (January 22). As soon as the president declared a 'state of emergency', sacked himself as chief adviser along with his administration and promised to form a new government to hold participatory general elections, the public understandably breathed a collective sigh of relief. Even the declaration of 'emergency' and the formation of a new government were welcomed by the people at large and hailed by self-serving and civil society as a new dawn for the country. Some critics were also suspicious from the very beginning about the role of the military. Because it was not the president who himself declared the 'state of emergency', but it is believed that Bangladesh military forces enforced him for cancellation of the caretaker administration, scheduled election, and declaration of the 'emergency'. …

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