Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Research on the Factors Influencing the Frequency of Intended Wrongdoings Behavior of the managers/RECHERCHE SUR LES FACTEURS INFLUANT LA FREQUENCE DU COMPORTEMENT MALFAITEUR VOULU DES DIRECTEURS

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Research on the Factors Influencing the Frequency of Intended Wrongdoings Behavior of the managers/RECHERCHE SUR LES FACTEURS INFLUANT LA FREQUENCE DU COMPORTEMENT MALFAITEUR VOULU DES DIRECTEURS

Article excerpt

Abstract:

After doing some research on the behaviors of the managers, the author found out that there exists a kind of intended wrongdoings behavior among the managers, belonging to the "Irrational behavior", which is different from the "Rational person" and "Limited rational person". It can be indicated from the research that the intended wrongdoings behavior of the managers are mainly impacted by four factors, which are go-as-you-please attitude, personal preferences, managing rights and the ability of the managers. There are some related strict conditions such as rational decision making ability, desire-controlling ability, right restricting ability as well as morality restricting ability.

Key words: irrational behavior, intended wrongdoings, frequencies, influencing factors

Résumé: A la suite des recherches sur des comportements des directeurs, l'auteur a trouvé qu'il y a parmi eux une sorte de comportement malfaiteur voulu appartenant au "comportement irrationnel", qui est différent de "l'homme rationnel" et de "l'homme rationnel limité". Il résulte des recherches que les comportements malfaiteurs voulus des directeurs sont principalement influencés par quatre facteurs: attitude d'agir à son gré, préférences personnelles, pouvoirs de direction et leur capacité. Il existe des conditions strictement concernées telles que les capacités de la prise de décision rationnelle, de contrôle, de la restriction du pouvoir ainsi que de la restriction de la morale.

Mots-Clés: comportement irrationnel, malfaits voulus, fréquence, facteurs influants

1. INTRODUCTION

The traditional Economies supposed people as "rational economic person". The Nobel Prize winner, American economist Herbert Arthur Simon put forward the hypothesis of "limited rational person" in his book called "management behavior" in 1947. He claimed that the intelligent "rational person" behavior of the "economic person" should be replaced by practical rational behavior, and he thought that there were two factors affecting the managers' rational behavior: one is the external environment of the managers; the other is the limits in the managers themselves; William Baleite stated that there are limit rational person and subjectivity from the psychological aspect, therefore, people are irrational persons.

After doing some research on the behaviors of the managers, the author found out that there exists a kind of intended wrongdoings among the managers, belonging to the "Irrational behavior", which is different from the "Rational person" and "Limited rational person". For example, in 2005 the managing department of one park digged the lake out and put on a piece of membrane, separating the lake from the underground. This behavior is obviously a mistake that will destroy the ecological environment. Also, this behavior is a mistake that lacks the common sense and for those who have certain knowledge of environment protection and ecological protection will know this is a wrongdoing. However, the managing department even continued making the same mistakes and didn't admit the mistake. What kind of phenomenon is this behavior? The author thinks that it belongs to "the intended wrongdoings behavior" and this kind of managers belong to "the intended wrongdoers".

"The intended wrongdoings behavior" of the managers means that the managers know that their behavior isn't fitful for the requirement of "rational citizens", the values admitted by the public, the moral regulations and the national laws, but still take some wrong measures or management behaviors. This is an irrational behavior. For instance, some bribees know that bribes are against the law but they still do bribes, which are considered as "intended wrongdoings behavior".

Managers' "intended wrongdoers" means the managers who always have the "intended wrongdoings behavior".

After clarifying the related concepts, the author does some research on the factors that influence the frequency of intended wrongdoings behavior of the managers. …

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