Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

China Green Input-Output Accounting: Coal, Efficiency of Power Generation and Green House Gas Emissions (1992-2020)/COMPTABILITE DES ENTREES ET SORTIES VERTE DE LA CHINE : CHARBON, EFFICACITE DE LA GENERATION D'ENERGIE ET EMISSION DES GAZ A EFFET DE SERRE (1992-2020)

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

China Green Input-Output Accounting: Coal, Efficiency of Power Generation and Green House Gas Emissions (1992-2020)/COMPTABILITE DES ENTREES ET SORTIES VERTE DE LA CHINE : CHARBON, EFFICACITE DE LA GENERATION D'ENERGIE ET EMISSION DES GAZ A EFFET DE SERRE (1992-2020)

Article excerpt

Abstract:

While energy is a required factor in any kind of economic activity, most environmental problems, such as acid rain precipitation, greenhouse-gas emissions, and exhaustion of nonrenewable resources, seem to be related to overuse of primary energy. It is therefore important to consider energy within the framework of an integrated analysis of natural resources, economy, and the environment. In recent years, many scholars have studied this issue (see, for example, Balistreri & Rutherford, 2000; Jiang, 2002; Lin & Polenske, 1995; Xu et al.,2002; Zhang & Folmer, 1997) in the light of different but traditional input-output models. One kind of theoretical green input-output table, focused on energy, is designed on the basis of our Green Input-output Accounting Framework of Natural Resources-Economy- Environment. Scenario forecasting and analysis for China in 2020 are made. Coal used, without further transformation, mainly for power generation, is the major source of SO^sub 2^ and CO2 emissions in China, and it will remain so without changes to the final and intermediate demand structures.

Key words: Green input-output accounting, energy, structure and efficiency, scenario analysis

Résumé: Quand l'énergie devient un facteur nécessaire pout toute sorte d'activité économique, la plupart des problèmes environnementaux, tels que la pluie acide, l'émission des gaz à effet de serre, l'épuisement des ressources nonrenouvelables semblent se rapporter avec l'abus de l'énergie primaire. Donc il est important de considérer le problème d'énergie dans le cadre de l'analyse intégrée des ressources naturelles, l'économie et l'environnement. Dans les dernières années, beaucoup savants ont étudié ce problème (voir, par exemple : Balistreri & Rutherford, 2000; Jiang, 2002; Lin & Polenske, 1995; Xu et al.,2002; Zhang & Folmer, 1997) à la lumière de différents mais rationnels modèles des entrées et sorties. Une sorte de tableau des entrées et sorties vert, concentré sur l'énergie, est conçu sur la base de notre Cadre de la Comptabilité des Entrées et sorties Verte des Ressources Naturelles-Economie-Environnement. On a déjà prévu et analysé le scénario de la Chine en 2020. Le charbon utilisé, sans autre transformation, principalement pour la génération énergitique , constitue la source majeure de l'émission de SO2 et CO2 en Chine, et cette situation va subsister sans aucun changement dans les structures de demande finale et intermédiaire.

Mots-Clés: comptabilisé des entrés et sortie verte, structure et efficacité, analyse du scénario

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

While energy is a required factor in any kind of economic activity, most environmental problems, such as acid rain precipitation, greenhouse-gas emissions, and exhaustion of nonrenewable resources, seem to be related to overuse of primary energy. It is therefore important to consider energy within the framework of an integrated analysis of natural resources, economy, and the environment. In recent years, many scholars have studied this issue (see, for example, Balistreri & Rutherford, 2000; Jiang, 2002; Lin & Polenske, 1995; Xu et al.,2002; Zhang & Folmer, 1997) in the light of different but traditional input-output models.

In this paper, I develop a new green input-output model for linkage analysis of natural resources, energy, the economy, and the environment based on my Green Input-output Accounting Framework of Natural Resources-Economy-Environment (see Lei, 1995, 1996a, 1999a & b, 2000a, 2003), and I formulate a scenario forecast and analysis for the integrated natural resources-energy- economy-environment situation for China from 1992 to 2020.

This paper has seven sections. In section 1, I design a kind of green input-output accounting theoretical table integrating natural resources-energy-economy-environment. In section 2, such a table is actually compiled based on the Chinese input-output table and Chinese Statistical Year Books (see State Statistical Bureau of China, 1993-02; and 1996). …

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