Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

On Experiential Cultural Teaching Model in EFL College Classroom/DU MODELE D'ENSEIGNEMENT DE CULTURE EXPERIMENTAL DANS LA CLASSE D'ALE UNIVERSITAIRE

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

On Experiential Cultural Teaching Model in EFL College Classroom/DU MODELE D'ENSEIGNEMENT DE CULTURE EXPERIMENTAL DANS LA CLASSE D'ALE UNIVERSITAIRE

Article excerpt

Abstract:

Teaching culture in EFL classroom has long been debated and studied in foreign language teaching field. But the perfect combination of language and culture in a foreign language classroom is a noble aim and how the transition can be made from theoretical matters to the active, crowded, and sometimes noisy foreign language classroom is a completely different story. This paper will introduce a new cultural teaching model, named by Experiential cultural teaching model. This model is a merger of Kolb's model of experiential learning cycle and Moran's cultural experience, which emphasizes learners' experience and participation in cultural teaching in EFL classroom. Based on the previous achievements of this field, this paper will focus on answering the following questions: why is culture taught in EFL classroom? what culture should be taught in EFL classroom? what is experiential cultural teaching model? and how is the new model of experiential cultural teaching applied in EFL classroom? The last two questions will be investigated in a greater detail and some experiential cultural teaching techniques and strategies for EFL college classroom will be provided. It is hoped that the present paper will help contribute to a better understanding of culture and its importance in the foreign language classroom.

Key words: EFL college classroom, cultural teaching, experiential model, teaching strategies

Résumé: L'enseignement de culture dans la classe d'ALE(anglais langue étrangère) a été discuté et étudié depuis longtemps dans le monde de l'enseignement des langues étrangères. Mais la combinaison parfaite de la langue et la culture est toujours un objectif noble de l'enseignement d'une langue étrangère. Alors la transition de la théorie à la pratique est bien une autre histoire. Cet article introduira un nouveau modèle d'enseignement de culture sous le nom de modèle d'enseignement de culture expérimental. Ce modèle provient de la fusion du modèle de cycle d'apprentissage expérimental de Kolb avec l'expérience culturelle de Moran, qui met en relief l'expérience et la participation des apprenants en cours de culture. Quelle culture faut-il être enseignée dans la classe d'ALE ? Qu'est-ce que c'est le modèle d'enseignement de culture expérimental ? Et quel est le nouveau modèle d'enseignement de culture expérimental. Les deux dernières questions seront étudiées en détail et des techniques et stratégies d'enseignement de culture expérimental pour la classe d'ALE seront présentées. Il est souhaitable que l'article présent puisse contribuer à une meilleure compréhension de la culture et de son importance dans la classe des langues étrangères.

Mots-Clés: classe d'ALE universitaire, enseignement de culture, modèle expérimental, stratégies d'enseignement

OVERVIEW

Teaching culture in EFL classroom has long been debated and studied in foreign language teaching field. Over years of efforts, more and more people have realized that language and culture are not separable, and we cannot teach a language without teaching a culture. "If we teach language without teaching at the same time the culture in which it operates, we are teaching meaningless symbols or symbols to which the student attaches the wrong meaning » (Politzer, 1959, pp.100-101). Therefore the teaching of culture since the early years has been integrated in language teaching program and teaching materials in one way or another. But what culture should be taught in EFL classroom? And how is culture taught more effectively and efficiently in EFL classroom? These two questions still need more inquiry and profound research in terms of EFL classroom.

For what culture should be taught in EFL classroom, there are two main perspectives influencing the teaching of culture. One pertains to the transmission of factual, cultural information, which consists in statistical information, that is, institutional structures and other aspects of the target civilization, highbrow information, i. …

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