Academic journal article Military Review

Fifty Years Ago: UN Troops in Korea

Academic journal article Military Review

Fifty Years Ago: UN Troops in Korea

Article excerpt

Fully 53 of the United Nations' 59 member states voted their approval of the 27 June 1950 Security Council resolution calling for support to help the Republic of Korea resist aggression. Nineteen nations offered varying degrees of trade, technical, or economic assistance; five sent medical teams; and 15, apart from the United States, sent military forces. While their troops, whose numbers peaked at about 44,000, were often referred to by pundits and armchair generals as little more that a token force when compared to the U.S. commitment of more than 300,000 men, their forces fought courageously time and time again and boosted the morale of American soldiers.

Initial difficulties arising from language barriers, different standards of training divergent tactical concepts, diverse dietary needs, and religious and national customs all were reconciled. Most problems were easily solved, but detailed planning was required for others. With the exception of the British Commonwealth troops, who were eventually merged into a full combat division supplied out of British stocks, the other contingents were battalion- or brigade-sized units that were attached to American divisions after being reorganized, trained, and equipped along U. …

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