Academic journal article The Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association, Inc.

Watkins Mills Added to Meeting Schedule

Academic journal article The Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association, Inc.

Watkins Mills Added to Meeting Schedule

Article excerpt

Watkins Mills in Lawson, Missouri, is the last fully-equipped nineteenth-century woolen mill that still retains its original equipment and layout. The millhas been designated a National History Landmark and a National Mechanical Engineering Landmark. When it was operating full time, Watkins Mill employed forty workers - twenty-five men, ten women, and five children. The mill's original work force included immigrant English, Irish, French, Canadian, German, and Swedish employees, as well as individuals from the eastern United States.

Powering the mill's looms and machines was a 60-horsepower, slide-valve steam engine that Waltus Watkins purchased from a company in St. Louis, Missouri. The engine had been salvaged from a river steamboat, and its wood-fired boiler provided the 100 pounds of pressure needed to operate the mill's equipment at the correct speed.

Waltus Lockett Watkins was born near Versailles, Kentucky, on October 30, 1806. In 1830, Waltus relocated to Liberty, Missouri, in order to be near the bustling western frontier. …

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