Academic journal article Online Journal of Issues in Nursing

Pathways to Progress in Nursing: Understanding Career Patterns in Japan, Taiwan and Thailand

Academic journal article Online Journal of Issues in Nursing

Pathways to Progress in Nursing: Understanding Career Patterns in Japan, Taiwan and Thailand

Article excerpt

Abstract

Nursing's recent progress in fostering better health around the world has been impressive. This progress is due, at least in part, to the higher levels of education nurses are receiving today. However, the goal of developing a stable nursing workforce remains elusive worldwide, due to career progression challenges related to nurse recruitment, education, retention, and promotion. This article provides an overview of existing career pathways in nursing in three Asian countries: Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand. For each country, a brief presentation of the development of nursing is followed by a review of admission requirements for education programs, and a description of available career pathways, including the routes and types of licensure for general and advanced nursing practice. The article concludes with a discussion of issues and challenges common to all three countries, specifically the identity of the nursing profession, limited faculty resources, English language barriers, transitioning of nursing education, and the provision of culturally competent care.

Citation: Chiang-Hanisko, L., Ross., R., Boonyanurak., P., Ozawa, M., Chiang., L., (Sept. 30, 2008) "Pathways to Progress in Nursing: Understanding Career Patterns in Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand" OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing; Vol 13 No 3 Manuscript 4. Available: www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/TableofContents/vol132008/No3Sept08/CareerPatternsinJapanTaiwanandThailand.aspx

Key Words: Career pathways, career patterns, international, issues and challenges, Japan, nursing education, Taiwan, Thailand

Nursing's recent progress in fostering better health around the world has been impressive. This progress is due, at least in part, to the higher levels of education nurses are receiving today. Nursing's recent progress in fostering better health around the world has been impressive. This progress is due, at least in part, to the higher levels of education nurses are receiving today. Despite this progress, the goal of developing a stable nursing workforce remains elusive worldwide. As nursing shortages persist in most counties (Aiken, Clarke, Sloane, Sochalski, & Silber, 2002; Aitken, Suchan, Sochalski, Nicholas, & Powell, 2004; Buchan, & Calman, 2004; International Council of Nurses [ICN], 2004), serious challenges remain in nurse recruitment, education, retention, and promotion.

This article will provide an overview of existing career pathways in nursing in Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand. For each country, a brief presentation of the development of nursing will be followed by a review of admission requirements for education programs and a description of available career pathways, including the routes and types of licensure for general and advanced nursing practice. The article will conclude with a discussion of issues and challenges common to all three countries, specifically the identity of the nursing profession, limited faculty resources, English language barriers, transitioning of nursing education, and culturally competent care.

These three countries share strong economic and political ties and are growing nursing education programs at similarly rapid rates. Although distinct cultural differences exist among the three countries, the focus of this article is not on cultural differences between these countries, but rather on identifying common issues and challenges related to the preparation and development of nurses. Providing a synopsis of the career patterns in each of these countries may help to identify our global workforce problems and challenges in nursing as well as provide insight into the unique approaches taken in the individual country to cultivate nursing as a national resource.

Nursing in Japan

This section will provide a brief presentation of the development of nursing in Japan, followed by a review of admission requirements for education programs and a description of the career pathways, including the routes and types of licensure available for general and advanced nursing practice. …

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