Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

An Outlook of the Work-Study Program for Chineses College Students from the Perspective of Times/LA PERSPECTIVE DE PROGRAMME TRAVAIL-ETUDES DU POINT DE VUE DE NOTRE EPOQUE

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

An Outlook of the Work-Study Program for Chineses College Students from the Perspective of Times/LA PERSPECTIVE DE PROGRAMME TRAVAIL-ETUDES DU POINT DE VUE DE NOTRE EPOQUE

Article excerpt

Abstract:

The poverty student's work is an important part in constructing a harmonious campus. How to make the best use of the work-study program requires us to view the issue from a long-term perspective. The article presents briefly the change and development of the connotation, object and subject of the program through an analysis of the history, current situation and future development of the work-study program. "Helping students out of poverty, providing them with good education and helping them grow into useful people" is a main theme that is in line with the development of times.

Key words: work for study; epochal; education; outlook

Résumé: L'aide aux étudiants pauvres est une composante importante de la construction d'une école supérieure harmonieuse. Pour rendre le programme travail-études plus actif, il faut aborder ce sujet avec une vision de l'époque. En analysant les réformes historiques, la situation actuelle et la tendance future, cet article présente le concept du programme travail-études, les transformations et les développement de l'objet et du sujet. "L'aide aux pauvres, la formation des talents et des hommes utiles"seront le thème principal qui correspond au développement de l'époque.

Mots-Clés: le programme travail-études; l'époque ; la formation des hommes utiles; la perspective

1. THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORK-STUDY TRADITION IN CHINA

Origin of the work-study program: work-study is not a strange thing for most of us. The combination of work and study and the program of work-study are good traditions in the education development of China. The ancient professional education was in the form of apprenticeship, modern professional education also stresses the importance of combing work and study. Looking back to the history, the records of this kind of moving deeds were numerous. One such example is found in Three Character Primer: "reading the book hanged on the carried firewood, reading the book hanged at the pastured cattle's horns; exhausting as it is, it is well deserved". "Reading the book hanged on the carried firewood" was a story of ZHU Mai-cheng in Han Dynasty. His family was utterly destitute and he earned a living by collecting firewood. Though he was eager to study, he could not afford it; so he studied while working. When collecting the firewood on the mountain, he managed to find some time to read books, and when carrying the firewood home, he hanged a book on the firewood and read it. Similarly, "reading the book hanged at the pastured cattle's horns" was a story of LI Mi in Sui Dynasty. He had to pasture cattle for others for he could not afford the tuition. He always read the History of the Han Dynasty on the back of cattle and hanged his other books at the cattle's horns.

Throughout Chinese history, there were three representative work-study peaks, and each of them played a positive role in the specific history.

1. 1 The First Peak: work-study activities practiced by Chinese students residing in Europe at the beginning of last century

As the worldwide democratic revolution emerged, the work-study educational form appeared in line with the times. Students worked for their study. A great number of brilliant men of China, such as the elder revolutionists ZHOU En-lai, DENG Xiao-ping, CAI He-sen, and the like, used to work through their studies in Europe. In 1909, LI Shi founded a bean product company in Paris and employed over 30 people from China. They worked in daytime and studied at night. And they put forward the slogan of "work for study" and integrated work with study. In 1914, LI Guang-an and some other people changed the slogan "work for study" into "hard work and thrifty life, all for the study". In June, 1915, CAI Yuan-pei, LI Shi-zeng and WU Yuzhang established a Work-for-Study Association in France, and clearly put forward a goal of "hard work and thrifty life, all for the study and for the increase of workers' knowledge". …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.