Chronology: Afghanistan/Algeria/Bahrain/Egypt/Iran/Iraq/Israel/Jordan/Kuwait/Lebanon/Libya/Mauritania/Morocco/Oman/Pakistan/Qatar/Saudi Arabia/Sudan/Syria/Tunisia/Turkey/United Arab Emirates/Yemen

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See also Central Asia and the Caucasus, Pakistan, Regional Affairs

Apr. 17: Poland declared that it would send 400 additional troops to Afghanistan to raise the number of Polish troops in that country to 2,000. Poland also promised to dispatch two helicopters and a transport airplane and allocated $9 million for poverty reduction measures. [UPI, 4/17]

The Afghan Interior Minister, Mohammad Hanif Atmar, said that the country would double its police force of 82,000. The Afghan government also said that it would train 15,000 troops in preparation for the presidential elections scheduled for August 20, 2009. [Reuters, 4/19]

Apr. 27: At a Kabul gathering, the Foreign Ministers of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran announced that they would conduct monthly meetings to find "indigenous solutions" to the region's security concerns. The primary topic of discussion was stabilizing Afghanistan against its mounting Taliban insurgency. [Dawn, 4/27, RFE-RL, 4/28]

May 4: US forces carried out a major operation in the Afghan province of Farah. According to provincial officials, the attack caused more than 147 casualties, many of whom were civilians. The US called the estimate exaggerated. US forces in Afghanistan and the Afghan government issued a joint statement acknowledging the death of civilians but did not mention the exact number of casualties. Afghan officials stated that the incident marked the deadliest single attack since the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001. [RFE-RL, 5/9]

May 12: General David McKiernan was asked to leave his position as the commander of United States Forces Afghanistan (USFOR- A) and the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). General McKiernan was expected to be replaced by General Stanley McChrystal once he had received Senate confirmation. General McKiernan was appointed by the Bush Administration and was on the job for less than a year. [WP, 5/12]

Eighty-four Afghan schoolgirls were suspected to have been poisoned at their school in Mahmud-e Raqi, a city north of Kabul, by poisonous fumes. A similar incident had occurred a day earlier in Parwan province. Local officials blamed the Taliban for the incident. [AP, 5/12]

May 15: Some 22 Taliban insurgents were killed in a joint attack by Afghan National Security Forces and NATO in Afghanistan's Helmand province, according to local officials. The offensive took place near the provincial capital of Lashkar Gah. [VOA, 5/15]

May 18: The convoy of Ahmed Karzai, the brother of Afghan President Hamid Karzai, was ambushed while traveling from Jalalabad to Kabul. Ahmed Karzai had been an important political figure in southern Afghanistan and the leader of the provincial council of Kandahar province. Karzai survived the attack, although one of his bodyguards was killed. [BG, 5/19]

May 20: The US Department of Defense declared that Pashto and Dari Bibles confiscated in 2008 at Bagram Air Base had been burned by US military personnel. US military rules forbade proselytizing in foreign countries. [CNN, 5/20]

May 21: During a three-day campaign, US forces seized some 16.5 tons of narcotics and killed 34 militants in southern Afghanistan. The operation began on May 19 and took place in Helmand province. [AP, 5/21]

May 28: Twenty-nine Taliban militants were killed during an attack by US forces in Paktia province, according to US military sources. US forces were targeting what they suspected to be a training camp for foreign fighters. Paktia, one of the provinces close to the Afghan- Pakistani border, had been experiencing high levels of Taliban activity. [AP, 5/28]

June 2: British forces in Afghanistan reported that Mullah Mansour, a prominent Taliban leader in Helmand province, was killed by a British helicopter attack on June 1 near Nahr-e Seraj in Helmand province. Mullah Mansour had organized a number of attacks on British forces and Afghan civilians. [BBC, 6/2]

June 9: US forces in Afghanistan announced that an airstrike in the western Afghan province of Ghor had killed Mullah Mustafa, a Taliban commander in western Afghanistan, and 16 militants. …


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