Academic journal article The Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Analyses of the Teacher-Pupil Interaction within the Inclusive Classroom-Case Study of a Child with a Cochlear Implant

Academic journal article The Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Analyses of the Teacher-Pupil Interaction within the Inclusive Classroom-Case Study of a Child with a Cochlear Implant

Article excerpt


The educational system in Macedonia is directed towards the modern European standards and models of inclusive education. This is done by initiation and implementation of the innovations in the education.

The inclusion of the children with impaired hearing is not connected only with their placement in the schools. In an inclusive school, quality education can be assured only in educational surrounding that is friendly towards the children and the learning process, where the difference is accepted and acknowledged as process for enrichment of all the persons involved. The social aspects of the learning process should be accentuated. This includes a dialogue between the teacher and the other teachers, the teacher and head masters of the schools, between the teacher and the children with impaired hearing and a dialogue with the parents. The teachers should take in consideration the children's needs and interests and they should be able to conduct a flexible management of the classroom.

Key words: children with impaired hearing, inclusive school, inclusive school teachers.


The main reasons for the barriers in learning and participation of the children with impaired hearing can be found in the surrounding. This can happen as a result of the negative attitudes towards the children, misunderstanding of the process of active learning, too rigid system and curriculum, inadequate adaptation of the learning methods, inappropriate approach towards the educational environment etc.

The society has a commitment to educate all the children. There are certain ideal conditions for the educational environment and the teacher's characteristics that contribute to the success of this process. First of all, the environment in which the education occurs should be adapted to the child to develop a positive self image and to enable the most appropriate curriculum. The teachers in the educational environment should take in consideration the diversity of the children, to maintain good basis for learning and to improve the children's practice. The children should be pupils full with optimism and certain abilities. These conditions should be acceptable regardless whether it is a regular school or a school for deaf. The children's needs and abilities should dictate the appropriate educational environment in which the learning process will take place. When the school and the parents will cooperate in the decision making process, the children's special interests and requests will be implemented. (2)


During the selection of the problem we decided for contextual one with the purpose to gain information that describe the situation, the difficulties that the pupils with Cochlear implant interface in a certain context, in Republic of Macedonia.

The research that we conducted was actually an action research. The action research is conducted by one or more individuals or groups with the purpose of solving some problem or gathering information with the purpose to improve the current practice. To achieve maximum success the action research should result with an action plan or development of work strategies, which should be implemented and further evaluated in an ideal situation.

We decided to conduct a participatory action research. Although the participatory action research shares the focus for a specific local question and uses the data for the action implementation, it differs in some main points from the practical action research. The first difference is that there are two additional goals: to motivate the individuals and groups to improve their lives and to contribute for a social change on some level-school, community or society. According to that, the research involves a bigger group of people that have different experience and points of view that are focused on the same problem. This involves common work on the data gathering and the data analyses, interpretation of the data and the actions that follow. …

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