Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Otherness in Interior Identity: A Reflection about the Freudian Concepts of Unconscious, Superego, and Id

Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Otherness in Interior Identity: A Reflection about the Freudian Concepts of Unconscious, Superego, and Id

Article excerpt

Theoretical, psychoanalytical constructs referring to the unconscious, the superego, and id, enjoy an autonomy within the I. As such, this study contemplates the discussion of these foreign entities that inhabit the interior of the I, producing an effect of foreignness. In the first section, I will develop a reflection on the state of foreignness of the unconscious. I will begin with an analogy used by Freud, which addresses the thesis of universality of consciousness with the psychoanalytical thesis of the subconscience within the I. Affirmation of consciousness in the other may be used analogously for affirm the idea of another inhabiting our own being. I shall continue, seeking to understand how the process of unconscious repression produces the effect of foreignness. The idea of a moral censor present in the entity of the superego constitutes the theme of the second section. The superego follows the principle of otherness in its constitution and in its effects on the I. Finally, a reflection on the dimension of otherness in the Id seems urgent to me, as with this concept, Freud radicalized in the idea of the foreign as the origin of the subject.

Keywords: psychoanalysis, otherness, unconscious, super-ego and id

Los constructos teóricos psicoanalíticos que se refieren al inconsciente, al superyó y al ello disfrutan de autonomía dentro del yo. Como tales, este estudio contempla la discusión de estas entidades foráneas que habitan el interior del yo, produciendo un efecto de algo ajeno. Primero, desarrollaré una reflexión sobre el estado foráneo del inconsciente. Empezaé con una analogía empleada por Freud, que aborda la tesis de la universalidad de la conciencia con la tesis psicoanalítica del inconsciente dentro del yo. La afirmación de la conciencia en el otro puede usarse de forma análoga para afirmar la idea de que otro habite nuestro propio ser. Continuaré la búsqueda para entender cómo el proceso de la represión inconsciente produce el efecto de lo ajeno. La idea de un censor moral presente en la entidad del superyó constituye el tema de la segunda parte. El superyó sigue un principio de otredad tanto en su constitución como en sus efectos sobre el yo. Finalmente, una reflexión sobre la dimensión de la otredad en el Ello me parece urgente, ya que con este concepto Freud radicalizó la idea de lo foráneo como el origen del sujeto.

Palabras clave: psicoanálisis, otredad, inconsciente, superyó, ello

Freudian psychoanalysis, frequently, is presented as a theory and practice that broke with the tradition psychology and medicine of the 19th century. But, despite all of the discrepancy and rupture of psychoanalysis with traditional means of confronting psychiatric problems, we can find within history a series of theoretical presuppositions that constitues a fertile ground from which Freudian psychoanalysis bloomed. Garcia-Roza endeavours to succinctly explain the"preconditions for the emergence of psychoanalysis". "From the archaeological perspective it (psychoanalysis) may be seen as the effect of a series of connections between knowledge and practice that constitute an historical basis that enables its emergence"(Garcia Roza, 1987, p. 23).

Garcia-Roza's work seems quite relevant to us, in so much as would be that of the influence of the tripod Illustration, Romanticism and Scientificism in Freudian psychoanalysis. Yet, it is more common to point to Freud's divergence from the the thinking of his era. Freud was audacious enough to dedicate himself to aspects that were not commonly valued. Dreams, phallic imagery, and symptoms without physiological causes were an area of great interest to Freud. Freud was very reticent to abandon physiological prepositions, the medical materialism of this time. But, we can say that in the text of The Interpretation of Dreams, Freud's attempt to break with the materialist tradition appears more clearly.

But, perhaps Freud's greatest rupture with his era has been the creation of the concept of the unconscious, considered a system that possesses an operational mode distinct from the conscious. …

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