Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Construction and Validation of the Brazilian Questionário De Respostas Socialmente Habilidosas Segundo Relato De Professores (QRSH-PR)

Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Construction and Validation of the Brazilian Questionário De Respostas Socialmente Habilidosas Segundo Relato De Professores (QRSH-PR)

Article excerpt

Behavioral problems in preschool children are one of the most frequent motives for seeking psychological care by parents and caregivers. Instruments are considered necessary, created from a Social Skills Training theoretical-practical perspective, which may systematically assist the identification of social skills and behavioral deficits, helping professionals in the prevention and/or reduction of behavioral problems. The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric validity and reliability of an instrument for evaluation of Socially Skilled Responses, from a teacher's perspective (QRSH-PR). For this purpose, 260 preschool children were evaluated, differentiated in subgroups without and without behavioral difficulties, based on the Child Behavior Scale (Escala de Comportamento Infantil/ECI-Professor). Studies were conducted for construct, discrimination, concurrent and predictive validity. The Cronbach Alpha was calculated to evaluate internal consistency. The obtained results pointed to positive indicators in reference to construct, discrimination, and predictive validity, and even for good internal consistency, indicating that the items consistently measure the construct of social skills, and differentiated children with and without behavioral problems. The questionnaire is considered to be gauged for evaluation of socially skilled responses from preschool children, and applicable in educational and clinical environments.

Keywords: validation, questionnaire, social skills, QRSH-PR

Los problemas conductuales en niños de preescolar son uno de los motivos más frecuentes de consulta psicológica por parte de padres y cuidadores. Se consideran necesarios instrumentos, construidos desde la perspectiva teórico-práctica del entrenamiento en habilidades sociales, que puedan contribuir sistemáticamente a la identificación de habilidades sociales y déficits conductuales, auxiliando a los profesionales en la prevención y/o reducción de los problemas de conducta. El propósito de este estudio fue probar la fiabilidad y validez de un instrumento para la evaluación de las respuestas de habilidad social, desde la perspectiva del profesor (QRSH-PR). A este fin, se evaluó a 260 preescolares, divididos en subgrupos con y sin dificultades de conducta, basándose en el Infantile Behavior Scale (Escala de Comportamento Infantil/ECI-Professor). Se realizaron estudios de validez de constructo, discriminación, competición y predicción. Se calculó el coeficiente Alfa de Cronbach para evaluar la consistencia interna. Los resultados apuntan a indicadores positivos en cuanto a la validez de constructo, discriminación, validez predictiva y buena consistencia interna, indicando que los ítems miden consistentemente el constructo de habilidades sociales y diferencian niños con y sin problemas de conducta. Se considera que el cuestionario es indicado para la evaluación de las respuestas de habilidad social de preescolares, y aplicable en contextos clínicos y educativos.

Palabras clave: validación, cuestionario, habilidades sociales, QRSH-RP

The theoretical-practical field of Social Abilities Training describes various social skills to which the following categories refer: 1) social skills related to communication: ask and respond to questions; gratify and praise; request and give feedback in social relationships; begin, maintain, and terminate a conversation; 2) social skills of civility: say «please»; say «thank you» introduce oneself; give compliments; take one's leave; 3) assertive coping social skills: express an opinion, agree, disagree; give, accept, and refuse requests; ask forgiveness and admit faults; establish sexual/affectionate relationships; end a relationship; express anger and request behavioral changes; interact with authorities; deal with criticism; 4) empathic social skills: paraphrase, reflect feelings, and express support; 5) social skills related to work: coordinate a group; public speaking; resolve problems, make decisions, mediate conflicts; academic social skills; and 6) social skills related to expressing positive emotions: make friends; express solidarity and cultivate love (Del Prette & Del Prette, 2001). …

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