Academic journal article British Journal of Canadian Studies

Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 1998

Academic journal article British Journal of Canadian Studies

Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 1998

Article excerpt

D. Mutimer (ed.), Canadian Annual Review of Politics and Public Affairs 1998 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press with York University, 2005), xxxiv + 291pp. Cloth. £60. $100. ISBN 0-8020-8926-7.

This publication provides a synoptic review of a given year's development in Canadian politics. Fourteen contributors, drawn from a range of institutions across Canada, discuss critical issues from federal, provincial and territorial perspectives. The review claims to be unique in its collection and presentation of information and analysis for the year of publication. In 1997, the Liberal government went to the polls hoping to get a mandate for its dispersal of the anticipated budget surpluses generated by its emphasis on balanced budgets. After their election in 1993, the Liberals introduced measures to cut costs in order to eliminate budget deficits and so create the environment to lower Canada's taxes. The then-Finance Minister Paul Martin utilised fiscal stringency combined with the good fortune of a strong US economy to provide the prospect of Canadian budget surpluses way into the future. The 1997 election appeared to establish the belief that the retreat of the Tories, accompanied by the rise of the Reform Party, had provided an electoral landscape in which the Liberals would inevitably be returned. In 1998 Paul Martin had the enviable task of reporting an end to annual budget deficits. According to Robert Everett, in his chapter 'Parliament and Politics', 'If any single moment defined the year (1998) it might have come on the afternoon in February when Mr Martin delivered his budget speech. …

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