Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Talents Oriented Strategy of Online Learning in Universities/STRATEGIE ORIENTEE VERS LES TALENTS DE L'APPRENTISSAGE EN LIGNE DANS LES UNIVERSITES

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Talents Oriented Strategy of Online Learning in Universities/STRATEGIE ORIENTEE VERS LES TALENTS DE L'APPRENTISSAGE EN LIGNE DANS LES UNIVERSITES

Article excerpt

Abstract:

This article argues online learning strategy and teaching characteristics in universities. First it introduces learning activities in EFL must be integrated with technology appropriately to develop talents effectively. Then it puts forward the idea of talents oriented integrative online learning. For incorporating active learning into online teaching it lists some active learning strategies that can be adapted for the online "classroom". Finally it recommends the detailed talents oriented strategy of online learning design and analyzes effective and appropriate items for learning activity.

Key words: Talents; Online Learning; Strategy; Universities; EFL

Résumé: Cet article parle de la stratégie d'apprentissage en ligne et des caractéristiques de l'enseignement en ligne dans les universités. Premièrement, il introduit des activités d'apprentissage EFL (English as foreign language) qui doivent être intégrées avec la technologie appropriée pour développer les talents de façon efficace. Puis il met en avant l'idée de l'apprentissage en ligne. Pour incorporer l'apprentissage actif dans l'enseignement en ligne, il énumère quelques-unes des stratégies d'apprentissage actives qui peuvent être adaptées à la «classe» en ligne. Et finalement, il recommande la stratégie orientées vers les talents détaillée de la conception de l'apprentissage en ligne et analyse des éléments efficaces et appropriées pour les activités d'apprentissage.

Mots-Clés: talents; apprentissage en ligne; stratégie; universités; EFL

1. INTRODUCTION

Nowadays, computer network-based learning is widely used all over the world because of its potential and flexibility. All educational institutions over the world use computer network-based learning in EFL for expanding learning opportunities and facilitating learning activities to students separated by time and distance as well. It can be effective for delivering content to students and for instructors interacting with each other by using communication tool such as email, bulletin boards, conferencing system, whiteboards, chat rooms and videoconferencing and it can delivery contents in multimedia format like a video on demand, audio clips, animations, simulations and movies. Also computer network-based learning can support for all educational levels and can use for formal and non- formal education. While online learning is the integration among computers, network computer and communication tools, technology alone cannot makes an effective learning process and ensure learning quality (Palloff and Pratt, 2005). So learning activities in EFL are the most important factor that educators must integrate with technology and is one method that's appropriate to develop talents effectively.

2. LITERATURE REVIEW

Integrative English learning, cooperative learning and small group learning are terms that are often used interchangeably in the literature. However, it is important to differentiate integrative learning from the other two. Integrative learning differs from cooperative learning in that its emphasis lies in mutual engagement of learners in the learning process rather than on the sole division of labor to reach a common group goal (Bernard, Rubalcava and St-Pierre, 2005).

Integrative learning is an approach to teaching and learning in which students are required to work together in the learning process, and to reach a consensus through negotiation to accomplish group tasks. Some important attributes include learner center, constructivist, and problems-solving activities that the students explore in order to create their own knowledge, meaning and solutions. The importance of integrative learning as an instructional method has led to its application in situations in which computer network based self-learning is required by using computer network technologies for effective communication in learning activities.

In integrative learning setting, the emphasis is placed on the interactions as common understandings are negotiated and developed across differences of knowledge, skills and attitudes. …

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