Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Web-Site as an Educational Tool in Biology Education: A Case of Nutrition Issue

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Web-Site as an Educational Tool in Biology Education: A Case of Nutrition Issue

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of using website in biology education. We have explored the World Wide Web as a possible tool for education about health and nutrition. The websites were teaching tools for primary school students. Control groups used the traditional educational materials as books or worksheets, and the experimental groups used prepared web-site as an educational tool. This experimental study confirmed the efficacy of computer-based nutrition education in nutrition knowledge. Nutrition knowledge score of the experimental group was statistically non-significant as compared to control group both in posttest and retention test, which means that using website in nutrition education has similar effect on nutrition knowledge as traditional teaching. Thus, traditional teaching is still valuable compared to ICT approach in nutrition education.

Key Words

ICT, Nutrition Education, Website.

Information and communication technology has been used in a variety of ways at all types of schools. Especially, ICTfs has been used in education, organization of education, in the methods and forms of education and they are also integrated at management of schools. Considering that ICTfs are commonly used in everyday lives of young peoples, the use of ICT in schools is more and more common (Bahar, Ayd.n, & Karak.r.k, 2009; Ba.er & Durmu., 2010; Bingimlas, 2009; Erdogan, 2009; Juuti, Lavonen, Maija, & Meisalo, 2009; Kreisel, 2004; Ogilvie, Trusk, & Blue, 1999; Sorgo & Kocijan.i., 2006; Sorgo, Ver.kovnik, & Kocijan.i., 2010).

Studies have also shown that computer anxiety, lack of confidence influence acceptance of computers and their use as well as the knowledge. Positive attitudes of teachers towards ICT are important for implementation and necessary for effective using of ICT in educational process (Camnalbur & Erdogan, 2008; Kubiatko & Haláková, 2009; Sorgo et al., 2010; Spernjak & Sorgo, 2009).

According to Markauskaite (2006), using computers was primarily associated with programming and logical scientific thinking. Therefore, computers and ICT have been primarily viewed as a male domain (Brosman, 1998), especially in mathematics and technological disciplines. The number of researcher proved that boys are more interested in computers than girls and have more positive attitudes about computers and ICT. Brosman, (1998) and Sharpe (2004) found out that both boys and girls perceived ICT as males' domain and men were more outperformed in ICT skills. To the contrary, girls were less confident in using and about their ICT competencies (Fancovicová & Prokop, 2008; Graff, 2003). Interestingly, however, attitudes towards ICT among young people are generally positive (Kreisel, 2004; Ogilvie et al., 1999; Paris, 2004).

Differences in attitudes toward ICT between boys and girls have not been only found at primary schools children, but also between students and teachers (Rosen & Weil, 1995). Teacher attitudes towards computer are very important factor related to the teacher s role towards effective use of computers in education (Palaigeorgiou, Siozos, Konstantakis, & Tsoukalas, 2005).

Teaching biology is often faced with practical problems like keeping animals at schools, ethical concerns about animal dissections, etc. (e.g. Millett & Lock, 1992), thus the use of ICT in biology settings is hotly debated. Romi, Hansenson, Hansenson, & Gan (2002), for example, found that using computers in biology education resulted in more positive attitudes toward biology of participants. Many authors (e.g Kiboss, Ndirangu & Wekesa, 2004; Sorgo et al., 2010) point to using computer s program at education can be effective by increasing knowledge (Sorgo, Hajdinjak, & Briski, 2008), achievement in biology and attitudes towards biology as well.

Acquisition of knowledge in the area of health and nutrition, positive attitudes towards nutrition and healthy eating habits are very important for the health of everybody. …

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