Along with economical development, the diets on people's dining tables are so diversified that people have free choices. Chinese people are attracted by western diet, and the westerners get fascinated in the Chinese diet too. However, due to the different diet cultures, China and western countries have their own distinct diet cultures respectively, including different diet ideas, diet objects, diet ways, and table manners, etc. Analyzing the differences between Chinese diet cultures and western diet cultures, we can also find the promoting influences on Chinese cultures, and overcome the barriers in cross-cultural communications and avoid unnecessary awkwardness.
Key words: Chinese diet culture; western diet culture; differences; cultural roots
Résumé: Avec le développement économique, les aliments sur la table des gens sont si diversifiés que tout le monde ont des choix libres. Les chinois sont attirés par l'alimentation occidentale et les occidentaux sont également fascinés par l'alimentation chinoise. Toutefois, en raison des différences de culture alimentaire, la Chine et les pays occidentaux ont leurs propres cultures d'alimentation distinctes, y compris des idées différentes d'alimentation, des objets de régime alimentaire, des moyens de régime alimentaire et des manières de table etc. Tout en analysant les différences entre les cultures alimentaires chinoise et occidentale, on peut également trouver des influences sur la culture chinoise, surmonter les obstacles dans les communications interculturelles et éviter les maladresses inutiles.
Mots-Clés: culture alimentaire chinoise; culture alimentaire occidentale; différences; origine culturelle
Diet, like water and air, is regarded as one of the most important things all over the world. We can't live without diet, so we value the diet so much that people in different regions have formed their own distinctive diet cultures. Along with economical development, people's living standard is being enhanced day by day. The diets on people's dining tables are so diversified that people have free choices. Chinese people are attracted by western diet, and the Westerners get fascinated in the Chinese diet too. In cross-cultural communications, learning about the differences between Chinese and western diet cultures is very important. It can help us avoid unnecessary awkwardness and overcome the cultural barriers.
1. THE INTRODUCTION OF CHINESE AND WESTERN DIET CULTURES
We all know that the diet, as "one of the basic necessities of life", has the pivotal status in people's life. The diet culture is actually catching people's attention, and the diet culture also covers extremely broad research areas, through which we might see the inestimable function of the diet culture to the humanity's development. Taking a broad view at the world, each region's big cultural background goes through a long history, and experiences so many changes, then finally forms the present set of cultural system. What is more, it also has the infinite varieties. The diet culture is also not exceptional. There are distinctive differences between Chinese and western diet cultures.
1.1 The introduction of Chinese diet culture
The most thriving enterprise in the world is the restaurant. Among the most prosperous are Chinese restaurants. As the common saying goes, there are three luxuries in one's life: an American house, a Japanese wife and Chinese diet. Chinese diet is well known for its variety and abundance. According to data on the subject, the number of the well-known ancient and modern Chinese dishes amounts up to 8000. The ingrethents may be roughly classified into 600 categories. There are 48 different basic ways of cooking, including roasting, frying and boiling, all of which bring out the best of the ingrethents. Besides, Chinese cooking lays emphasis on the three essentials: color, flavor and taste, and thus every dish on the Chinese meal table looks like a piece of art, good-looking and delicious. …