Academic journal article Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences

County Health Rankings

Academic journal article Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences

County Health Rankings

Article excerpt

With the current focus on health care policy, the local picture may get less attention. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute have collaborated to evaluate health status by county in a project to "mobilize action toward community health" www.countyhealthrankings.org/). What is the rank of your county, as to health outcomes and health factors, in your state? Higher ranks indicate the healthiest counties.

Health outcomes are measures of length of life (premature deaths before age 75) and quality of life (overall health, physical and mental health, and birth outcomes). Health factors include measures in four areas. Health behaviors include diet and exercise, tobacco use, alcohol use, and unsafe sex (30% of the score). Quality and access to health care are the factor of clinical care (20% of the score). The social and economic factors include education, employment income, family and social support, and community safety (40%). The fourth factor is the physical environment including environmental quality and the built environment (10%). …

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