Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

The Comparison of Chinese Kites Art Deco Schools/LA COMPARAISON DES ÉCOLES DE DÉCORATION DE L'ART DE CERFS-VOLANT CHINOIS

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

The Comparison of Chinese Kites Art Deco Schools/LA COMPARAISON DES ÉCOLES DE DÉCORATION DE L'ART DE CERFS-VOLANT CHINOIS

Article excerpt

Abstract:

Chinese kite art not only has a long history because of the long tradition of folk culture, but also has its merits because of the colorful local cultures. Kite's decorative arts are in close contact with history of various periods, cultures of all regions and various nations. It also has inextricably link with music, dance, drama, folklore, religion. In the long course of historical development of society, distinctive decorative art of kite gradually has formed all over the country. The main features of kite art schools will be compared in this article.

Keywords: kite; decoration; art schools; comparison

Résumé: L'art de cerf-volant chinois a non seulement une longue histoire en raison de la longue tradition de culture folklorique, mais aussi ses mérites en raison des cultures locales vivantes. L'art décoratif de cerf-volant est en contact étroit avec l'histoire des époques, les cultures de toutes les régions et des nations diverses. Il a aussi des liens inextricables avec la musique, la danse, le théâtre, le folklore et la religion. Au long cours de l'évolution historique de la société, l'art décoratif de cerf-volant s'est progressivement formé dans tout le pays. Les caractéristiques principales des écoles de l'art de cerf-volant seront comparées dans cet article.

Mots-clés: cerf-volant; décoration; écoles d'art; comparaison

According to historical records, during the period of Spring and Autumn Chinese Skillful craftsman Luban had "cut bamboo for the harrier, which flew into the sky no less than three days" who was inspired by the scene of sparrow hawk flying in the sky. Furthermore, his contemporary thinker and scientist Mo DÌ spent three years to make the wooden kite to fly in the sky. After the invention of paper-making technology in Han Dynasty, kites were made of paper, known as "paper glede." Up to the Five Dynasties, Li Ye had improved the kite by mounting the bamboo flute on the kite's head. When wind blows, kite will hum like a zither's sound, hence it was named "Kite." Kite is the carrier of folk decorative arts. At the beginning of the kite design, the unification of shape, color and pattern will be taken into account, and the long-distance and close-up visual aspects will be considered as well. There are many fixed subjects for traditional Chinese kite. Their shape and color were continuously being reformed and improved in the course of spreading forming various unique styles of kites all over the country.

Chinese kite art not only has a long history because of the long traditional culture, but also has inextricable links with the music, dance, drama, folklore, and religion of each historical period, various region, and every ethnic group because of the rich local cultures with its own merits. As the kite artists across the country and kite makers in different sectors own different life experiences, different cultures and different levels of knowledge structure, kite production has formed a flourishing art system and different styles of genre. Different kites reflect the aesthetic taste of different countries and regions, are rich with local flavor. Gradually kites have developed a set of their own artistic languages.

Different art schools of kite have many colorful styles, but they have the same function. As the traditional folk arts and crafts, kites and Chinese new year picture are sister arts, which have a wealth of meaning and symbolic significance. New Year's exquisite designs are often adopted on the kite. It was said "picture will be meaningful, meaning will be lucky". By the metaphor and analogy, and the homophonic pun symbol of the art techniques the kite was given the meaning of seeking happiness and luck. It expresses the people's desire to avoid plague and disaster and blessing a better life. It also contains the meaning of promotion to an official position and good luck. Such as "surplus year after year", "crane deer with the spring", "100 bats get together the best". …

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