Modern education holds the concept that education is for the people. Based on the Maslow's "Hierarchy of needs"theory, the paper analyzes the different levels of needs of the college students and the driving effects of those needs exerting on the students. The theory can be applied to the task of the management of college students. The paper proposes that a scientific student management task should start with the intrinsic motivation, satisfying the needs of the multi-layered needs of the students, attaching great importance to the human solicitude in the student management. The management of college students should focus on the ideological and moral education, make the use of motivation incentives to cultivate their temperamental qualities, explore their multi-layered potentials, boost their creative power, and encourage them to pursue higher life values and achieve self-actualization.
Key words: Student management; motivation methods; ideological and moral education; self-actualization
Résumé: Le concept de l'éducation moderne est l'éducation pour les gens, mais pas les gens pour l'éducation. Cet article part de la théorie de "l'hiérarchie des besoins" de Maslow et analyse la demande des étudiants à tous les niveaux et leurs effets incitatifs sur les étudiants. Il propose d'appliquer cette théorie dans la gestion des étudiants et montre qu'une gestion scientifique des étudiants doit commencer par la motivation intrinsèque des élèves afin de répondre à leurs besoins à tous les niveaux. Une bonne gestion des étudiants doit accorder une attention à l'humasnisme, mettre l'accent sur l'éducation idéologique et morale, cultiver de bonnes qualités des étudiants, développer un large éventail de leurs potentiels, stimuler leur créativité, les inciter à poursuivre des valeurs supérieures de la vie et de se perfectionner.
Mots-clés: gestion des étudiants; approche incitative; éducation morale; auto-amélioration
The college is a place for talent cultivation, technology innovation and modern culture transmission. Chinese higher education and colleges take the historic, national, social and epochal responsibilities of developing the Chinese nation and meet the expectations of the Chinese people. The college student management is highly important and significant in this mission. Management needs rules, and the college rules regulate the college management, however, college student management cannot solely rely on the rules and regulations to achieve quality education and the present people-oriented concept in the present time. How does the student management task fully implement the people-oriented concept in the Chinese college student management? How does the student management administrators raise the students' self-determination consciousness and the initiatives, and help the students grow fully and healthily with the premise of respecting the dominant position and the individualistic demands of the students? In my opinion, human solicitude should be concerned in the college student management. Ideological and political education should be strengthened with human solicitude in the management of college students. The student-oriented guideline should be insisted on to fully realize the humanity spirits of respect, care, motivation, development and improvement. The student management task should be concerned with the daily lives and the truthful thoughts of the students to solve their problems, and the task should also broaden the knowledge and eyesight of the students, purify the minds of the students to help them better adapt to the society and gain the acknowledgement from the society.
1. THE DRIVING EFFECTS OF MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS ON THE STUDENTS
Maslow was an American psychologist, an expert on management and the major initiator of the humanistic psychology. The hierarchy of needs he proposed divides the needs of people into five categories: Basic needs or Physiological needs, Safety Needs: Security, Order, and Stability; Need for Love and Belonging; Need for Esteem; Need for Self-actualization. …