Academic journal article International Journal of Cyber Criminology

GSM - SWOT, Security and Millennium Development in Africa: A Survey on the Impact of ICT in Ondo State, Nigeria

Academic journal article International Journal of Cyber Criminology

GSM - SWOT, Security and Millennium Development in Africa: A Survey on the Impact of ICT in Ondo State, Nigeria

Article excerpt

Introduction

Recently information communication technology (ICT) was listed in as a criterion to development worldwide and for Nigerians it is the opportunity to use the Internet and perhaps the Global System for Mobile communication (GSM). At the start of the millennium, every nation wants to develop more. Every professional indicates the willingness for his/her profession to forge ahead of others. People want to move from subjective to objective, non physical or intangible to tangible, materialistic, observable and measurable material things. Human beings want to put value and worth on everything they do as a measure of development. Scientists, technologists, social or behavioural scientists want to account for what they profess each of their disciplines is doing in terms of the manifestations towards development and growth. Every where people want to show their own different criteria as measures of development for their people and nations as they have different measures developmental goals to account for as measures of it. Nigerians were not left out of this race. This goal of development is to satisfy the needs or requirements of people through public endeavors, such as education, good communication and transportation, good road networks, adequate infrastructure and public utilities, equal rights for both sexes, adequate nutrition, security and shelter, and improved national income and good standard of living, good recreational facilities, utilities such as uninterrupted water and electricity supplies among others.

Infact so many things were regarded as criteria for strategic planning and policy making towards the development of Nigerians. Among these are the creations of states to make the rural areas to develop for Nigerians who live there. More so for educated but poor indigenes of Ondo whose area of abode lies between latitudes 5 45' and 7 52' N and longitudes 4 20' and 6 05' E. Ondo state of Nigeria was one of the seven states created on 3rd February 1976 from former Western State of Nigeria which formally took off on April 1st 1976. On1st October, 1996, Ekiti state, comprising Ekiti central, Ekiti north, Ekiti south, and Ekiti west divisions, were carved out of Ondo State indicating another positive step towards development. The present Ondo state is now made up of Akoko, Akure, Okitipupa, Ondo and Owo divisions with Akure as the State capital, eighteen local government areas, three senatorial zones and ten ethnic groupings. Ondo state land area is about 15,500 square kilometres. Ondo is bounded on the East by Edo and Delta States, on the West by Ogun and Osun States, on the north by Ekiti and Kogi States and to the South by the Bight of Benin and Atlantic Ocean. These pictures have unending commercial, economic, social and educational values particularly for the psychology of Information Communication Technology (ICT) usage implications for instance, cyber fraud and fraudulent practices such as, theft, terrorism, hacking, swindling and so forth. However, it is general belief that the positive added value of ICT is more than the negative aspect particularly on timely information delivery which is cost and life saving.

Information provided by the 2006 Census in Nigeria indicates that Ondo state has a total population of three million, four hundred and forty one thousand and twenty males and females. The structure and distribution of population in Ondo State have been affected by high incidence of migration of Ondo indigenes to other parts of the country. The main occupation of the people of Ondo state is agriculture, providing income and employment opportunities for over seventy percent of the population. It also contributes well over seventy-five percent to the state's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Ondo State is one of the most important timber producing states in Nigeria. Ondo State has also become a member of the Nigerian oil producing states as petroleum is now extracted off shore (Ministry of Information and Culture 1989). …

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